World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen plays the Dutch Stonewall Defence against Vishy Anand!

World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen plays the Dutch Stonewall Defence against Vishy Anand!

Hi all, I have a very interesting game to
show you of Magnus Carlsen the current world champion against the former world champion
Vishy Anand, played in the Gregg chess classic in Germany, the 6th of February 2015. What’s fascinating about this game is Magnus’s
choice of opening after d4 he has been speaking recently about playing flank openings to try
and play for a win with black. So it’s very interesting to see the world
champion experimenting with openings in today’s climate where we have endless Slavs and Grune
full defenses he plays what is a kind of outrageous opening. Not as outrageous as some Nakamura’s openings. But f5, the Dutch defense. Well here this is already a big surprise believe
it or not. At the super grand master level this is rarely
played nowadays. It used to be popular in like the 40s for
example David Bronstein, 30’s Alexander Alekhine used to play the Dutch defense through some
very famous wins. But theory has progressed and one of the problems
with the variation which play adopts which is the Dutch Stonewall is that it’s quite
a fixed Pawn structure. We look now at the Dutch tone wolf formation
being crated with e6. Black is putting all the Pawns on the light
squares and in doing so is weakening the dark squares. So we have c4 and the move order here is interesting. Black plays c6, not d5 immediately. This is actually the more common while playing
it. C6 to give back maybe two options on any cxd5. Nf3, d5. So we have this Stonewall being created, a
literal Stonewall that’s how it’s named and you will see that this Bishop is kind of hemmed
in and it creates well-defined strategies for both sides, this Pawn structure. Black is often keen in Stonewall to try and
for a King side attack. He has got a good clamp on the e4 square. White is often trying to trade off this Bishop
for this Bishop. So that these weaknesses are more exploitable. That’s a key defender of the dark squares. This Bishop is often be routing a bit like
this in many Dutch Stonewall games. Occasionally it can flick out like this, maybe. But it’s known as, it’s kind of considered
a bad Bishop and also the e5 square is often pivotal. Literally the Knights pivot around e5 quite
often. There’s very standard maneuvers well defined
about e5. Like both Knights here often look at E 5 and
trying to exchange off the Bishops. So the strategy is very well defined for both
sides. Very fixed structure. White castles and now Bd6 and here white plays
the most common move, b3. You’ll note that this Knight is staying at
home. Because b3 means with the Knight at home Be3
is very convenient and black usually tries to stop Ba4. He doesn’t want this strategic exchange of
Bishops. So black played Qe7 here. Now often players with white just go to another
plan then Bb2 and just try and keep the pressure on e5 against any liberating e5 from black. Another idea is to persist with the Ba3 plan. This is also quite popular a4. We have games like this. But it’s not meant to be that bad for black
in theory, this kind of position. But yeah white didn’t play a4. You can see that this nice heading for a classic
clamp on e5. White didn’t play a4. White actually played Ne5, okay and now Magnus
castled, Nd2, so it looks as though white ready for supporting Knight for example and
also the Band come to b2 to support this Knight. So black doesn’t really want to take on e5. He’ll be doing whites job and also that Bishop
will even be, even more rampant on blacks dark squares later. So that Knight has to be tolerated for the
moment. Magnus plays a5, we have Bb2. Nbd7, Qc2, another very interesting move here
with especially hemmed in for the moment black stretches out on the Queenside with a4. White really doesn’t want to take this, he
will be structurally compromised. The black will end up with some good compensation
and peace pressure. So white ignores this just strengthening his
grip on e5 is all very very logical. The e5 square is a kind of central square
to clamp down on in general. Black has though Ne4 and it looks as though
in a way blacks kind of solid here and CD can be answered with ED, white doesn’t need
to be allowed any infiltration on the C file. White plays e3. Now quite a committal move here from Magnus,
he plays a3, because this Pawn could be in the future looking weaker when things get
traded off. So quite committed, Bc3 and offering a dark
square Bishop. Does black really want to take this dark square
Bishop? Well black is actually more interested in
challenging this c5 Square and trying to do something about this c8 problem Bishop. Magnus actually takes on e5 here. Nxe5 and our Bd7 as though this kind of stand
the maneuver might be on the cards. But there’s another possibility with Bd7 that
maybe also b5 could be interesting to try and create some Queen side play. Black really wants to keep this nuisance Knight
there instead of taking on c3 right now and any Bxe4 white will be weakening the light
squares after F takes black could look forward to some sort of light square attack. So this Knight can be kicked though with f3
when it’s prepared well. A very interesting strategic decision is played
now by Vishy Anand and apparently it has been played before a while back by Salo Flohr
who is a great master of positional play. It looks odd, Nxd7. Yes because it seems to be like blacks you
know problem strategically assault that balls the bad Bishop. You could think alternatives to leave that
Knight there to keep the kind of bind on the possession and just try and kick this away
or even move this away and then then kick the Knight. So it’s a very interesting decision which
has caused some controversy by many commentators of this game. Nxd7, it seems you know White has a pleasant
enough bind and didn’t need to do this. Because one side effect of course is blockading
right now this e5 Knight is actually blockading the e6 Pawn. So you can imagine in the future that playing
for e5 would become more practical. Black might want to play for e5 to kind of
make White’s Pawn structure more fragile and maybe increased chances of a King side attack
later. So it seems as though why it’s kind of unbinding
this clamp on e5. You know the bind on the position seems to
be less. Very interesting exchange, Qxd7 and now c5
closing up the position. Bc7, but the Bishop stays on this diagonal
in preparation for a future e5. Black doesn’t have any major problem pieces
here. But what is potential here concern is this
a3 pawn, after b4 it looks as though this b3 Pawn could be targeted and there has been
another recent Dutch defense game of Magnus Carlsen where actually a3 was taken and Magnus ended
up losing the game. Which is not interesting, I actually I’d like
to show on a channel soon. This flirtation with the Dutch defense is
very interesting just from a strategic point of view. You know it’s like a, it’s a bit double-edged
this Pawn now. It could be potentially weak in the future. But for the moment Magnus now with this Bishop
on c7 seems to have some attacking prospects and plays h5. He just wants to weaken this structure. Also you can imagine you know you get Rook
behind this and this h-file attack could be whipped up. Very crude but is white in a position to really
defend this that well? Well whites first response is Be1. So that seems to be solidifying structure
a little bit. Now we have the e5, yes kind of weakness of
the last moment was off e5. So why not play e5 here? White takes now, Bxe5. So what happens structurally here after Rd1? Okay structurally it seems are that maybe
if the Knights kicks later these two Pawns might be a bit more fragile. That’s one thing. Black is not in any great position to ever
play f4 now. Whites got a good grip on both f4 and d4. But also there’s another interesting possibility
that’s emerged here that the Bishop controls this diagonal and actually Bb2 is an interesting
resource to bear in mind protecting the Pawn and blocking white’s connection to the a2
Pawn. It is a potential weakness now. You can imagine with Bb2 this could become
vulnerable in the future. So keep a watch of that. Especially with Magnus’s next move which has
double intentions, Qe6 it’s an extra attack on a2. But also the Queen is free to switch for a
King side attack. We’ve seen that f3 kicking the Knight. Nf6 and now what looks to be quite dangerous
Bh3 and kind of celebrating the fact that white has taken blacks Light Squared Bishop
earlier. So black is kind of more vulnerable on these
light squares in theory and not only that, this is a pin which can be exploited it seems
with e4. So after pawn protecting effect e4 here is
played. So okay this looks to be quite uncomfortable
just on the light squares now f5 and d5. Does this justify whites earlier Nxd7? It’s very interesting. But now we have some very tactical considerations
coming into this. So although in theory White has the Bishop
pair and should have advantages putting pressure on to sensitive points on light squares where
white has the light square Bishop and black doesn’t. But we see now dxe4 unveils that attack on
a2 takes and now with all this pressure on f5 black is virtually forced into this sequence
with Bb2 looking a2 now. So for the moment it’s the exchange of prisoners
but with the a2 Pawn taken out, the exchange of prisoners and Nimzowitsch saying you exchanging
one weakness for another. But if black takes out a2 then this is a very
dangerous pass Pawn. It’s only two steps away. So we have now exf5, Qxa2 and black is immediately
threatening also Bd4++ now to win the Queen. So white has to parry Bd4. He has to take some time to parry that. Vishy Anand elects to connect the Rooks and
parrying that. The Rooks are connected, d4 control Bishop
pinned., but white is now threatening fxg, this is handled tactically just with the move
g5. It looks a bit crazy to be moving Pawns around
the King. But white is it not in a great position to
exploit this at the moment. Rfe1, the Rooks look quite beautiful though
at the moment on these central files and Re6 will block the Queen’s retreat back. Magnus takes the opportunity to retreat the
Queen here before the Queen can’t come back. Qf7, which might be useful defensively and
you will notice this pawn is only two steps away from Queening. Re6, also there’s a battery setup now on f5
which is used. Ng4 blocking the Bishops protection of f5
and threatening Qxf5. So tactically this is a really interesting
thing that’s going on here. We’ve got pressure on f5, we’ve got pressure
for a to potentially one day under the right circumstances not losing the Bishop without
doing anything. So white takes on g4 relinquishing the light
square Bishop and now plays your Rg6++. And Magnus calmly plays Kh7. So here it’s very interesting situation indeed. Very dangerous looking both white and black,
the King looks slightly compromised. Here Vishy comes up with a move which looks
absolutely fantastic. Looks like a brilliancy. Can you spot the move that Vishy played here
if I give you five seconds to pause the video. Okay a brilliant looking move. The problem is with some brilliant looking
moves is sometimes they’re not sound enough and the outcome isn’t great. Although they look really fresh the outcome
it isn’t always particularly desirable and here it may be such a case. The idea to deflect the Queen to d7, maybe
slightly flawed here and black has got limited choices. Black actually forced to play this. So Magnus must have calculated this position
in advanced of course. It’s a basic forcing move to look in a position
after that Kh7. So it takes the Rook and now the idea is revealed. F6, the x-ray on the King here, Rg7 immediately
frightened. It turns out though that this Rook sacrifice
might be flawed in more than just one way. Magnus plays a brilliant defensive move here
to handle the threats and absolutely brilliant a defensive mode, one of the best moves. Can you spot the move Magnus played if I give
you five seconds starting from now? Okay deflecting the Queen, Qd1++. Because it’s Queen for two rocks basically. It’s a pseudo sacrifice. It’s not real sacrifices. It’s pretty well calculated and not too much
risk after Kxg6. We call these pseudo sacrifices. They’re not like a major risk has been taken
as two Rooks for the Queen. Plus the fact that blacks got a2 now as a
major threat and this is very difficult to handle. There was also by the way from a computer
point of view which has no fear just the idea of taking on f6 here is also apparently good
enough after giving the Rook back Kg8. Apparently this is okay, blacks threatening
Bishop takes and a2 and for example check Qg7. Blacks going to be just winning with a2, he
doesn’t even need the extra Rook here. I mean he can just return the Rook and this
would be a winning position. Because this a Pawn, yes it’s very very tactical
considerations. I’ve crept into what was the kind of strategic
opening. This A Pawn has really made
Position much more dynamic and blacks King safety issues. But anyway so Magnus played this Qd1, Kxg6
check was played, Kh6 and this is fairly hopeless. How does white actually defend against a2? It’s very very difficult. Bd5 I think we can just take or maybe even
pin, just pin that Bishop. There’s a2 Pawns running away. White tried h4 and Magnus just played en passant. So his Kings pretty safe and here Vishy resigned. Magnus taking en passant by the way had avoided
a naughty trap which would have been embarrassing, mate in two with check with here and a mate
and in the final position where Vishy resigned awfully much safer en passant. Qd7 is fairly futile here. Black can even just take this and after Queen
taskes can exaggerate its Pawn not bothering to protect the Rook by playing a2. So if taking we can Queen supported
by the Bishop and black will be a Rook up. So yes a very tactical skirmish there which
ended the game quite quickly. Maybe this will cause some new interest in
the Dutch stonewall defense at all levels. It’s very interesting to see the repertoire
of the world champion and the top players in general. It does have an influence lower down the chess
chain. Well enthusiasts start taking up the touch
stone wall looking at it with a greater seriousness. Comments or questions on YouTube. Thanks very much.

53 thoughts on “World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen plays the Dutch Stonewall Defence against Vishy Anand!

  1. Great job on the video KC!
    I read somewhere on today that the best setup for the white knights in this opening is from g1-h3-f4-d3 and b1-d2-f3. Thought that'd be interesting.

  2. Everybody has been playing the dutch since this game. It is infuriating for someone trying to learn the queen's gambit because now I have to play "anti-dutch". Any suggestions for how to avoid black dictating the long-term strategy like this? Awesome video as usual, thanks

  3. The Dutch is a fun opening. Thanks for covering this. I really hope it gets some more love in the feature, this great opening.

  4. Ivanchuk has some interesting Dutch games…. Of course Chucky plays everything! The other consideration of course is that there are two very different Dutch openings for white to prepare for, Stonewall and Leningrad (I call the later Dutch Indian, that's sort if what it is). It is fun to play, though you gotta really know how to watch out for that diagonal weakness by the King

  5. Great commentary. By the halfway point of the game, I felt like Magnus was leading him into a trap, trying not to be too obvious about it.

  6. That was a tour de force by Magnus. It is crazy that he can stomp top ranked players with openings that are no longer considered feasible at this day and age.

  7. I've extremely familiar with the stonewall formation by now. I've been playing nothing but Sicilian, Dutch and Bird's openings for a while now. I think I may have invented the Bird's Stonewall attack, it's literally identical to the Dutch Stonewall defense though. Very fun to play and very particular – play one bad move and you've simply lost.

  8. nice! have played hundreds of dutch stonewall, nice to see i am playing roughly the same moves i do. generally try to hang onto both bishops and stack the queenside while fending off a kingside white attack. dont like moving e6 at all. interesting to see queen on e7, i find c7 to be a good home but not as dynamic for the black bishop then. i dont fare well when white sacs a piece to destroy the pawn structure, with a rook or two aimed at it. find that to be its weakness.

  9. removing whites black bishop seriously hurts the e6 pawn, reasonable move by anand. I think C8 is a better spot for it, however perhaps carlsen offered it for the knight.

  10. i have been viewing all of your chess videos over and over again so i could easily be familiarized with all this openings.  i have learned so much with this videos of yours. i have a questions regarding the other videos that i have seen these past few weeks. its about  GJ chess repertoire, since i have been playing long games, would it be possible or advantages for me to follow his instructions in a long game? or is it only applicable for a blitz? i really want to learn different tactics and strategies but i do really not know which of which. i hope you could me out…thank you so much and  wish you all the best.

  11. Hello Kingscrusher, thank you….I have a question, when Magnus Carlsen deflected his queen to D7 to take the rook, and Vishy Anand advanced his pawn to F6, Was it posible for Magnus Carlsen to take that F6 pawn with his black bishop ? By that way he could prevent rook G7 …thanks

  12. I just watched the simple ways white can crush the Dutch defense and Nf3 is pretty much a mistake. I've played the Dutch and it is so hard to get your pieces mobilized. But this just goes to show when you don't play computers and not always what is known you can enjoy a great win against a semi-equal opponent.

  13. This is what I really appreciate about Carlsen as world champion; much more than a lot of top players these days, he keeps things fresh and interesting and is always innovative… Win, lose or draw, Carlsen's games are never boring.

  14. Replayable game link:
    Join me or other Youtubers for a game: – Cheers, K

  15. Absolutely brilliant game by Magnus Carlsen. That enpassant move was a backbreaker for sure especially with some other devious stuff he had planned with the passed pawn on the h file lol.

  16. nice game going on – at the moment of 13:20 I was wondering if white could had responded with Rd6 instead of Rd7 ?

    Queen can not take pawn on f5 that's lost of queen so rook can move Rg8 for example to avoid mate then we got Qd3 where rook can not take rook on g6 otherwise lose of queen and mate so a2, Rh6+, Kg7, Bd4 and if bishop is ignored then black loses bishop and pawn while white still attacks so Bxd4, Qxd4+, Kf8 and now Qa1 where black queen needs to move and lets say if Qb3 we got Rhf6+, if Ke8 Qe5+ and after taking queen mate so Kg7, Re6+, if Kf7 we got Qf6 mate so Kh7 and finally Rdd7+ and mate after Rg7 is taken with queen

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