We are coming to you live from the coldest place in the known universe Well, near it anyway. What would you say if I told you that the headquarters for D-Wave – the world leader in commercial quantum computing systems – is a stone’s throw from our warehouse? And what would you say if I told you that they invited us in for a behind-the-scenes tour? Well Linus, I’d probably say that’s exactly what I was expecting, given the title and thumbnail of this video, stop wasting my time. Got it. Let’s go. Cooler Master’s 25th anniversary Edition Cosmos 2 features a unique Dual curved tempered glass side panel. Check it out now at the link below So in 2007 D-Wave introduced their first quantum processor. Now, with only 16 qubits, it wasn’t especially powerful. But the point wasn’t whether you could or couldn’t solve the same problems with a pencil and a piece of paper. The point was that this scalable approach would allow them to ship the world’s first commercial quantum computer the D-Wave One in 2011 with 128 qubits followed by 512 1000 and 2000 cubic designs in 2013, 2015, and 2017 respectively. And adding more qubits is the key to increasing performance because the more qubits you have, the more complex the problems that you can tackle. You see quantum computing doesn’t work like classical computing with ones and zeros where you feed it a question and then it spits out an answer. Instead a quantum processor takes all of the parameters you feed it and works on Every solution pointing you at one or two or maybe even more optimal Solutions. So they’re not perfect for everything. I don’t think there’s a single person in this building who expects Call of Duty: Black Ops 10 to run on a D-Wave mach 5 Quantum gaming rig or anything like that but for scheduling out of sports teams games over the course of a season For tackling problems like logistics climate change and Energy distribution or for conducting AI research These puppies right here have the potential to completely disrupt the existing players. So then let’s go have a look at one shall we? Now there are only a handful of customers in the world who have Actually ponied up the price of a D-Wave system including high Rollers like Lockheed Martin, Los Alamos National Lab, Google, and Nasa. But D-Wave Themselves have a handful of their latest generation 2000 Q systems running here at their headquarters that are available through the cloud just make sure that you don’t turn off any of the ones with a delightfully Low-Tech “Online” sign zip-tied to it it might be doing very very important research. So from the outside a 2000 Q doesn’t look that different from any other compute cluster with a few black racks and when you open up door number one There’s not much at first glance to indicate that there’s anything special about it You’ll find a network switch, a UPS for battery backup, a normal server responsible for monitoring some monitoring devices that Wait a minute! seven Eight Degrees Milli Kelvin we’re going to have to get back to that later. There’s also a second server that takes a problem and translates it into machine code using custom room temperature electronics to generate high precision analog signals that it then sends to, as we promised, just about the coldest place in the known universe The single, yes, just one chip, single code named, Washington, quantum processor at the heart of this machine, but where exactly is it? It’s not behind Door 2, or door number 3 back there you’ll find the first and second stage pumps that are used to create a vacuum around the processor to Thermally insulate it and it’s cooling system from the outside world as well as a compressor for the aforementioned cooling system, and You also won’t find it in this Barrel shaped Doodad that is actually a liquid nitrogen filter that removes impurities from the Coolant mixture of Helium-3 and Helium-4 Isotopes and is one of the things that allows D-Wave systems to run for years at a time a critical feature Given that the chip kind of locks into a certain configuration Once it’s supercooled and if you heat one of these puppies up back to room temperature it can take up to two days to cool it back down and up to four weeks to finish the the rebalancing or recalibration process. No, no, to find the actual processor, we have to go past this first door on the left here that handles connecting the all-business racks at the front to the giant box here that was hiding in plain sight that I’ll be referring to as the “party in the back” or per D-Wave’s gentle suggestion, the “shielded enclosure”. This right here is effectively a big faraday cage and the first of sixteen layers of shielding that are designed to shield the Powerlines and preserve the integrity of the signals to and from the quantum processor to the greatest degree possible And that was a very intentional pun by the way now normally these rooms are closed and there is a series of casings on top of this apparatus here to maintain the vacuum around what is effectively the Motherboard of our quantum computer, but they had one open for maintenance today, so we’ve got to get up close and personal The thing is peppered with probes and sensors, heat exchangers, data wires, but the five big plates are really the main attraction here. Each of them represents a different stage of the cooling system The top one gets signals from the outside world on copper wires and runs on a frosty 70 degrees Kelvin the next one down uses the same fridge and these braided copper conductors to get down to four degrees Kelvin, which is both low enough to Condense helium to a liquid and To switch over from Copper wires to the superconductor Niobium the middle plate here uses vacuum helium for to drop our signal wires to one degree Kelvin the Fourth uses Helium-3 To get us to about it to a tenth of that and the final stage uses a sophisticated Mixture of those two isotopes to drive this entire Filtering and shielding apparatus as well as the processor inside down to its typical operating temperature of about oh point zero one five degrees Kelvin damn near Absolute zero But why does it need to be so cold? Niobium already super conducts at nine Degrees, Kelvin interstellar Space is 3.1 degrees Kelvin our solar system is even warmer. We’re talking oh point zero one five degrees Kelvin well this Superconducting chip here is what’s inside there, and it’s connected via four hundred superconducting wires And this is kind of like the pins on a CPU socket and what it’s doing if it’s using Quantum mechanical effects to process information. So for that to work, these effects need to be significant enough to use them for computation, which means that the temperature needs to be well below the energy scale of those quantum effects if it wasn’t, then the data you’d get would be very very noisy, corrupted by heat related quantum effects. That’s why the colder they can get, pretty much, the better and getting even colder in the future may actually be practical. So this generation of the waste processors consumes no power and outputs no heat meaning that the 20 kilowatts of power that are required to run system is just Dedicated to the cooling system. So unless they wanted to go colder this energy cost doesn’t change whether you’re running a hundred cubits or 2,000 cubits, that’s just the sweet spot of practicality and functionality Today and more cooling is far from the only thing on the horizon. the future’s looking bright for our neighbors here at D-Wave they don’t have a 50-Year vision yet necessarily, but in the nearer term they don’t really perceive anyone else in the space as a real competitor with a commercializable technology and with more R&D focus they think their system could be as compact as three or four racks and capable of taking on some of the hardest Neural Network problems that we face in the years to come and you know what? Sounds pretty good to me. Dollar Shave Club is kind of amazing you can get their high quality blades and they’re amazing shave butter, which goes on clear, delivered to your door for less than what you’d pay to have to actually get off your own butt to drive to the store, fight with someone to open up the security cage, and buy razor blades there. It’s ridiculous! And for a limited time new members can get their first month of the executive razor With a Tube of Dr. Carver’s shave butter for only 5 bucks with free shipping and after that your razors are just a few bucks a month so that’s a $15 value for just 5 bucks. And don’t forget that Dollar Shave Club offers more than just razors. Along with shave butter, they have an awesome selection of high-quality grooming products from hairstyling to shower products that you can get just like their razors Delivered to your door so get your first month for just 5 bucks at dollarshaveclub.com/Linus – that’s dollarshaveclub.com/Linus – So thanks to D-Wave for hosting us here. Thanks to you guys for watching if you dislike this video You know where that button is but if you liked it hit the like button get subscribed, and maybe check out where to buy the stuff we featured at the link in the video description, okay? Less applicable for this video than usual, but we also have links down there to our merch store Which has cool shirts like this one and our community forum which you should totally join

100 thoughts on “UNBOXING A QUANTUM COMPUTER! – Holy $H!T Ep 19

  1. 400 super conductor process 2 types of data according to quantum phisics so if you want to get the letter a then it'll give 6800,000,000.047987 letters according to quatum entanglement
    so it requires a high speed photon processor and that quantum computer
    but why?
    photon processor sorts all the answers by AI and give them to data server
    so PP gives you 2 answer (shirks 6800,000,000.047987 data to 2) and we would calculate the correct one!

  2. 9:34 AUX port for blasting some killer quantum beats.
    biep biep boop bap
    This video actually makes me proud of humanity, no matter what others may say. This kind of computing is post Star Trek hyper technology, beyond wizardry stuff.

  3. I would say you're a genius, and as such your particular energy weave form is part of the cresting wave of radiation battering from high potential (within our species toolbuilding) and the entirety of the internet.

    Isn't the only functioning one of these jointly owned between Google and NASA?

  4. So are they just doing this (super cooling) to make the architecture smaller because they hit the wall in terms of smaller circuitry where the laws of physics start to make electrons jump circuits so they have to cool it down to temper these effects? Is that all this is?

  5. Just when I thought that I knew just about all that there is to know – along comes a boy with the highest-pitched voice ever heard by another human!!!

  6. This machine could be used to cool down the earth when the earth get too hot from global warming. It would have to be in waves. Instead of just cooling computers.

  7. History repeats itself, now we just wait 10 years until the public can afford it. Should have everything running 5GG.
    Maybe We should update the nearest AI machines. Grant it SuperSU w/Unlimited wifi access at Starbucks. NOoo need for fancy iwinoid OS. Teach it c++, DL chess engine code install and set on auto upgrade and installation. As long as they dont pawn my info we good 😉

  8. Wait a sec… Google bought one? But why?
    So that they can spy on people even more effective then FBI.

    Google open up!

  9. d-wave was dope but then. then i saw the dollar shave club.


    ok d-wave. keep tellin yourself that.

  10. Well Linus, I’d probably say that’s exactly what I was expecting, given the title and thumbnail of this video. Stop wasting my time. 🙁

  11. Well Linus, I'd probably say that this is exactly what I was expecting given the title and thumbnail of this video,
    stop wasting my time. 🙂

  12. Nasa Plays Fortnite See Fps On 833846e836837283738373847393o3939394939394838388494949293892939293939393939939393939393939393939393938483 Fps Ping 0>1>0

  13. Ive watched this video several times since it was uploaded and I still have no fucking idea what's going on

  14. thats not even close to the coldest place in the known universe you stupid canadian fuck. the coldest place in the known universe is at MIT

  15. Around 7:13
    Kelvin is a unit of measurement equal to one degree Celsius (also called Centigrade). The only difference is the starting point: Kelvin starts at absolute zero (-273 degrees Celsius), and Celsius starts at the freezing temperature of water (273 degrees Kelvin). Keep in mind that actual 0 Kelvin is an irrational number, like pi (273.15…).

  16. its been done already…life IS quantum computers…when we have it all figured out we will merely have reinvented ourselves, then we will know what's going on and humanity will freak..

  17. but why go from powers of 2 to just boring powers of 10?
    wouldn't it make more sense to go: 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048. like with Memory?

  18. We’ve reached the “who cares” level of science. Can we try and feed the starving for one generation before wasting billions on stuff like this…

  19. I've watched several videos of people explaining quantum computers and qubits and I still don't understand them. Everyone tries to simplify it for easier understanding but it really doesn't help me to understand how these processors work . The explanation in one video made it feel like we are stealing energy, or possibly affecting other universes or realities in some way. Creepy stuff.

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