Last lesson we talked about how to set up a chess board Today we’re learning about the movement of the chess pieces. Chess is a complex game because each

piece moves differently But don’t worry. By the end of this lesson You will have a clear understanding of how to move each piece Let’s start with the king The king can move to any square that touches his own this means he can move one square left right up down or diagonally The queen is an extremely powerful piece

because she moves just like the king except she does not have it one square

limit This means she can move as many spaces as she wants left right up down or diagonal although the Queen can move an unlimited number of spaces she must stop when she hits an

opponent’s piece This means the queen can have opposing pieces at the end but not in the middle, of her path now let’s practice what we just learned look at the king which of the following paths are possible moves in this situation the red path and green

path are multiple squares remember that the king can only move one square in any direction that is why the blue path is the only correct option Now let’s look at where the queen can move take the next 15 seconds to look at each possible path now talk to your neighbors.

Do your answers match? in this situation while the Queen can

move multiple squares in any direction she could only move until she reaches

another piece that is why the blue path is wrong and the green and red paths are correct taking a closer look at the green path the Queen would capture the opponent’s piece and she would now be in that position as we learned last week each player starts with two bishops the bishop can only move diagonally it can move an unlimited number of squares diagonally forwards or backwards because of the way the bishop moves it can only ever be the same color space that it started on each player also has two rooks the rook can move an unlimited number of spaces left right up or down now let’s practice with the rook In this example what are the possible paths that the rook can take if you chose the red path then you’re

correct the blue path is wrong because the rook cannot move diagonally the green path is wrong because once the rook hits an opponent’s piece it cannot move any further now let’s practice with the bishop in this example what are the possible paths of the bishop if you chose the green path then you’re

correct the red path is wrong because the bishop cannot move forward the blue path is wrong because once a bishop hits an opponent’s piece it cannot move any further the final two pieces have the most complex movements the knight moves in the shape of an L He can move up two spaces and over one to the right or over one to the left or he can move down two spaces and over one to the right or over one to the left He can move left two spaces and up or down one space he can also move right two spaces and

up or down one unlike all the other chess pieces the

knight can jump over opposing pieces now let’s try a few examples with the knight which of the given paths are correct take the next 15 seconds to look

it over the blue and green paths shown are

correct the red path is wrong because the knight cannot only move forward it must move in an L shape the pawn is unique in chess because he

can move in three different ways the first way is that the pawn can move one space up if there’s not opposing piece directly in front of them. the second way is that from the pawn’s original starting position it can move up one or two spaces remember this is only allowed in the original row the final way the pawn can move is at a diagonal if an opposing piece is one space diagonal from the pawn the pawn can move to that space and take the opposing piece for all of these moves, the pawn can only move forwards now let’s try a few samples with the pawn.

Where can he move? which of the paths given for the light pawn are correct if you chose the blue path then you are correct the green path is wrong because the pawn cannot move backwards the red path is wrong because the pawn can only move two squares on that pieces

first move of the game let’s try another example with the pawn which of the following paths for the

dark pawn are correct in this example the red path is correct the blue path is incorrect because the pawn can only move diagonally if it is capturing an opponent’s piece the green path is wrong because it is moving forward two spaces on to an opponent’s piece which is illegal now you’ve learned the proper movements for all the chess pieces as a summary the king can move to any square that touches his own the Queen can move an unlimited number

of spaces straight or diagonally but she cannot jump over other pieces the bishop moves an unlimited number of

spaces diagonally and also cannot jump over other pieces the rook can only move in straight lines

and cannot jump over other pieces the knight moves in the shape of an L straight two spaces and over one space the knight can jump over other pieces the pawn can only move forward it can move forward one space if that space is empty or diagonally one if an opposing piece is in that space if the pawn is in its original position it can move forward one or two spaces as long

as there are no other pieces in those spots now that you know how to move all the chess pieces let’s practice with a worksheet