The secret student resistance to Hitler – Iseult Gillespie

The secret student resistance to Hitler – Iseult Gillespie


In 1943 Allied aircraft swooped
over Nazi Germany, raining tens of thousands of
leaflets on people below. Written by anonymous Germans, the
leaflets urged readers to renounce Hitler, to fight furiously for the future—
and to never give up hope. Their call to action rippled through
homes and businesses— and news of their message even reached
concentration camps and prisons. It was only after the war had ended
that the authors’ identities, stories, and tragic fate would come to light. When Hitler seized power
10 years earlier, Hans and Sophie Scholl were teenagers
in the town of Forchtenberg. At that time, fear, propaganda,
and surveillance kept all aspects of life for the Scholl
family and millions of other Germans under Nazi control. The government specifically
targeted young people, setting up institutions to regulate their
behavior and police their thoughts. As teenagers, Hans was a member
of the Hitler Youth and Sophie joined The League
of German Girls. Hans rose through the ranks and oversaw the training and
indoctrination of other young people. In 1936, he was chosen to carry
the flag at a national rally. But when he witnessed the zeal
of Nazi rhetoric, he began to question it for
the first time. Meanwhile, Sophie was also starting to
doubt the information she was being fed. Their parents Robert and Magdalena, who had feared they were losing
their children to Nazi ideology, encouraged these misgivings. At home, Robert and Magdalena listened
to foreign radio stations that the government first discouraged
and later banned. While the government churned out national
broadcasts which denied Nazi atrocities, the Scholls learned shocking truths. And yet, they were still subject to
the rules of life in Hitler’s Germany. After the outbreak of war, Sophie reluctantly worked for
the national effort, and Hans had to take on army duties
while attending medical school in Munich. That was where Hans met Christoph Probst,
Willi Graf and Alexander Schmorell. Day by day, each grew more
sickened by Nazi ideology. They longed to share their views. But how could they spread them, when it
was impossible to know who to trust? And so, the friends decided
to rebel anonymously. They pooled their money and
bought printing materials. An acquaintance let them use
a cellar under his studio. In secret, they began drafting
their message. In June 1942, mysterious anti-Nazi
leaflets began appearing all over Munich. They were signed: the White Rose. The first leaflet denounced Hitler and called for Germans to
sabotage the war effort: “Adopt passive resistance… block the functioning of this atheistic
war machine before it is too late, before the last city is a heap of rubble… before the last youth of our
nation bleeds to death… Don’t forget that each people gets
the government it deserves!” At a time when a sarcastic remark
could constitute treason, this language was unprecedented. It was written mostly by Hans Scholl. In 1942, Sophie came to Munich knowing
nothing of her brother’s activities. She soon encountered the
leaflets at school. But it was not until she discovered
evidence in Han’s room that she realized who’d written them. Her shock soon gave way to resolve:
she wanted in. For both siblings, it was time to escalate
the fury that had been brewing for years. From June 1942 to February 1943,
the group worked feverishly. While the Gestapo searched for leads, the White Rose were constantly on guard. The war raged on. Regulations tightened,
and Munich suffered air raids. But the White Rose ventured
deeper into conspiracy. They graffitied buildings and braved
trains swarming with Gestapo. In the winter of 1942, Hans made a treacherous journey to
the Czechoslovakian border to meet anti-Nazi rebels. On February 18, 1943, Sophie and Hans brought a suitcase
of leaflets to their university. A custodian noticed what they were doing
and reported them to the Gestapo. Both calmly denied any involvement— until the police gathered all the leaflets
and placed them back in the empty case, where they fit perfectly. When Hans and Sophie confessed, they were immediately led to court
and sentenced to death by guillotine. Despite a grueling interrogation, the two
refused to betray their co-conspirators. Before her execution, Sophie declared
her fury at the state of her country. But she also spoke to a
more hopeful future: “How can we expect righteousness to
prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually
to a righteous cause? Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter,
if through us, thousands of people are awakened
and stirred to action?”

100 thoughts on “The secret student resistance to Hitler – Iseult Gillespie

  1. I said thank you to ted ed for this but apparently some decided to comment on this video with out watching it please watch and listen to it carefully

  2. "Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter if through us thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?"

    Sophie's words hit me from the first time I read them. Their sacrifice and bravery should not be forgotten and wasted; we need to watch for the warning signs of history repeating itself again. It is empowering to remember that even when the government and public are determined to close their eyes to the injustice they cause, there were and always will be individuals who will stand up for what is good and right.

  3. The school I attended is named Geschwister-Scholl-Schule ( Scholl-siblings-school).The symbol of the school is a big white rose. Here are a lot of schools named after the Scholl’s .

  4. I live in America. All of our school systems are based on liberal thoughts. If you don’t believe in there ideology, you are ostracized. How much longer until it ends up like this?

  5. Wow this should be a book and if it is I need to know it’s name also props to the animators such emotion in such a blank face

  6. We have a very short paragraph about them in school but I remember that the teacher highlight that it was their Christian faith that encourage them to not believe in all of this propaganda. So I always like to use them as a positive example of why faith is a good thing and that the teaching of tolerance, benevolence and abnegation are a good thing to tell from a young age. Beautiful animation as always! Thank you so much for all of your hard work, you are my favorite channel on YouTube.

  7. As a German stories like the ones about the Scholl siblings or Georg Elser are the ones of undeniable importance to me, the ones who give me hope…because we aren't "just a nation made up of Nazis", there were always little sparks of hope, we've come such a long way from this horrible, dark past and emerged as a strong, democratic country after years of work…all thanks to heroes like Hans and Sophie…because of people like them I can also be proud when saying "I'm German" and not just ashamed – thanks for spreading knowledge like this, TED…we all bear the responsibility for something like this to never, ever happen again!♥

  8. “It is such a splendid sunny day, and I have to go. But how many have to die on the battlefield in these days, how many young, promising lives. What does my death matter if by our acts thousands are warned and alerted. Among the student body there will certainly be a revolt.”
    Few months ago, I don’t believe anyone in modern society will say this or have this in mind. But today, I am sure that hundreds if not thousands of Hong Kong protestors have this thought in their mind, willing to sacrifice for freedom, free from any sort of terror. God bless Hong Kong. Hope we have the same ending in Hong Kong.

  9. Please tell me that when the narrator said Sophie’s execution I wasn’t the only one that closed my eyes and just didn’t want to believe it

  10. And in this perilous political climate, when the Hearts and Minds of our youth are in peril from lack of proper education, a proper historical perspective (our forefathers who fought against Fascism and Nazism have almost all died off so they can't teach the youth from personal experience), vacuous mass media "entertainment" and being brainwashed because they don't know any better, it is VERY HEARTENING to see that people like you, at TED-ed, care and take the time to provide such historical perspective. I hail you and praise you and THANK YOU form the bottom of my heart, KUDOS to you!

  11. Great kids! We need more of these kids now all across the world. Like the Nazis, The Corporations, Media, Governments and Associations across the world are censoring opinions and are increasingly intolerant to diversity of ideas. The White Rose and the Scholls are the true continuation of the great German tradition of music, science and philosophy.

  12. Honestly as a conservative unable to speak out about my views for fear of retribution from the thought police, I can relate to this video.

    It's obviously not as bad, but getting there.

  13. Yeah, be ready to die. There is so much to fear about war and how it devours the brave is surely part of why.

    o7, the White Rose. Never forget.

  14. ''regulate their behavior and police their thoughts'' sounds awfully familiar to a certain political side of our modern era >.>

  15. I HAVE BEEN TESTED BY A PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY AND THE TESTS SHOWED THAT I AM HIGHLY INTELLIGENT! I AM A GENIUS!  I'M AN INTJ AS THIS ARTICLE EXPLAINS: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INTJ  I'M ALSO A MASTERMIND AS THIS ARTICLE EXPLAINS: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mastermind_(role_variant)  HERE ARE A FEW GREAT LEADERS OF HISTORY & THE PRESENT, WHO HAD & HAS AN INTJ PERSONALITY LIKE I DO: http://www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/INTJ#Distinguished_INTJs  I ALSO DESCEND FROM THESE GREAT LEADERS & FAMILIES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Egmond & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andries_Pretorius MY FATHER, PROFESSOR JOHANN COOK, IS PRESIDENT OF THE WORLD WIDE LEADING OLD TESTAMENT ORGANIZATION. THIS ORGANIZATION IS CALLED IOSOT (THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR THE STUDY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT). HERE IS A LINK TO THEIR WEBPAGE: http://iosot2016.co.za/
     IF YOU SCROLL DOWN ON THIS PAGE, YOU WILL SEE THE FOLLOWING QUOTE: "The IOSOT is the leading organization for Hebrew Bible / Old Testament studies"
     MY FATHER, PROFESSOR JOHANN COOK, IS A WORLD RENOWNED RESEARCHER! HERE IS HIS CV: http://sun025.sun.ac.za/portal/page/portal/Arts/Departments/ancient-studies/docs-images/COOKCVeng2012.pdf  THE FOLLOWING INDIVIDUALS IS ALSO ON HIS CV: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emanuel_Tov & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Vervenne
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     EK HET TOE BEGIN OM TEEN JULIUS MALEMA TE ORGANISEER! EK HET DEELGENEEM AAN DIE CITIZENS AMBASADOR COMPETITION VAN DIE UNITED NATIONS EN 'N HELE PAAR INTERNASIONALE FIGURE BINNE EN BUITE DIE POLITIEK HET MY OP YOUTUBE BEVRIEND EN MET MY BEGIN PRAAT! VAN DIE VIDEOS WAT EK OP YOUTUBE GESIT HET OP DAARDIE TYD WAS 'N INTELEKTUELE ANALISE VAN JULIUS MALEMA EN SY GEVAARLIKE BENADERING IN SUID AFRIKAANSE POLITIEK. EK HET OOK NUWE IDEES MEEGEDEEL IN VAN MY ANDER VIDEOS WAT GEHANDEL HET OOR POLITIEKE STELSELS EN SOSIOLOGIESE KONTEKSTE. EK HET TOT VANDAG TOE NOG NIE OPGEHOU OM JULIUS MALEMA TE KRITISEER NIE EN EK HET ONLANGS 'N KLAG INGEDIEN BY DIE STELLENBOSCH POLISIE STASIE. EK HET MY STATEMENT BY DIE TWEEDE IN BEHEER VAN DIE STASIE, KOLONEL SCHREUDER, AFGELE! (JY KAN HOM KONTAK BY 0218095000…VRA NET VIR KOLONEL SCHREUDER) HY HET TOE DIE STATEMENT OORHANDIG AAN DIE KOMISARIS WAT DIT TOE AAN DIE SPEURTAK DEURGEGEE HET. MAJOOR LE ROUX BY DIE STELLENBOSCH SPEURTAK HET DIE LAASTE KEER WAT EK MET HOM GEPRAAT HET VIR MY GESE DAT DIE STATEMENT IS DEURGEGEE AAN DIE BRIGADIER EN DAT DIE STATEMENT NOU IN DIE KAAP IS VIR VERDERE ONDERSOEK. (JY KAN MAJOOR LE ROUX OF DIE BRIGADIER SELF KONTAK BY 021 8099140) IN DIE STATEMENT HET EK GESE DAT EK AANGEVAL IS DEUR MEER AS 10 SWART MANS WAT VIR MY GESE HET HULLE GAAN MY KOM DOODMAAK BY MY HUIS! HULLE HET MY HUIS ADRES VIR MY GEGEE EN DIT WAS MY REGTE HUIS ADRES, DUS HULLE WEET WAAR EK WOON! HULLE IS ONDERSTEUNERS VAN JULIUS MALEMA! EEN VAN HULLE GEBRUIK DIE NAAM EFF SOLDIER! EK HET OOK GESE DAT HULLE MY AL LANKAL DOP HOU EN DAT HULLE VAN MY WIL ONTSLAE RAAK OMDAT EK JULIUS MALEMA KRITISEER, TEEN HOM ORGANISEER EN OMDAT MY VADER, PROFESSOR JOHANN COOK, ARTIKELS IN DIE BURGER EN RAPPORT GESKRYF HET OOR RACIAL COLLABORATION! HIER IS 'N LINK NA DRIE ARTIKELS WAT IN DIE BURGER VERSKYN HET WAT DEUR MY VADER GESKRYF IS EN WAT OOR MY VADER GESKRYF IS(DOWNLOAD NET ASSEBLIEF DIE GESCANDE FOTOS EN VERGROOT DIT IN JOU PHOTOVIEWER OM DIE ARTIKELS TE KAN LEES: https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=8AB435BC640BBA29%212281 https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=8AB435BC640BBA29%212282 https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=8AB435BC640BBA29%212280 EK IS OP DIE OOMBLIK BESIG OM IN NOUE SAMEWERKING MET DIE UNITED NATIONS EN DIE US GOVERNMENT TEEN 'N TIRAN IN THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO TE ORGANISEER! SY NAAM IS DENIS SASSOU NGUESSO http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denis_Sassou_Nguesso . EK PROBEER MET DIE SAMEWERKING VAN EEN VAN SY GROOTSTE TEENSTANDERS CLAUDINE MUNARI http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claudine_Munari HOM UIT DIE KUSSINGS LIG EN 'N NUWE ERA VAN WELVAART EN GESONDE DEMOKRASIE TEWEEG BRING IN HIERDIE LAND! DIT WAS NOU AL TE LANK WAT DIE MENSE ONDER HIERDIE TIRAN MOES GEBUK STAAN EN ONGELOOFLIKE ARMOEDE MOES VERDUUR AS GEVOLG VAN HOM EN SY MOORDADIGHEID! EK GAAN OOK 'N MULTI BILJOEN DOLLAR INFRASTRUKTUUR HERBOU VAN DIE HELE STREEK DOEN MET DIE HULP VAN VRIENDE EN BESIGHEIDS VENOTE! EK HET OOK SCREEN PRINTS VAN GESPREKKE TUSSEN MY EN CLAUDINE MUNARI AANGEHEG AAN HIERDIE EPOS!
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  16. It's like The Matrix – certain people will never accept the lie, but most people are so dependent on the system they will fight to protect it, even if it's unjust and abuses them.
    Very moving, their death. Hard to say how much good it did, but it was the right thing to do.

  17. This is very inspiring. And considering the way things are heading in the United States these days… this might be the way we might have to do things.

  18. Wow your video quality is so good it's like as if I'm watching a film

    Loved it ❤️

    I also want some good videos on India's history polity movements etc.
    Please

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