The Relative Value of Chess Pieces – Beginner to Chess Master #2

The Relative Value of Chess Pieces – Beginner to Chess Master #2


you hi everyone is cherry this is video too from the beginner to chess master playlist which is a progressive series of videos and we’re going to have a brief look at the relative value of the chess pieces or in other words a basic point system that we could be using to help guide our play to help us know what’s a good exchange bad exchange or even exchange of pieces for example for playing is white here and start out like so and I’m in no way saying that this is a good start to a chess game my main point of emphasis is to simply show a particular exchange of pieces is it a good idea to allow this exchange to allow our rook to be captured and get the bishop in return the answer to that is no because the rook is more valuable than the bishop now how much more valuable well let’s have a look at this basic point system that I’m referring to it runs as follows the pawn is worth 1 the knight is worth 3 the bishop is worth 3 the rook is worth 5 the Queen is worth 9 and the King is priceless now so far with all this talk about points it’s easy to maybe be misled in thinking that well the more points I get I’m going to win No the objective of the game is to give checkmate don’t lose sight of that sometimes there are plenty of positions where you could have fewer points on board less material in other words those two terms they are points and material are often used interchangeably you can have more points and still lose the objective is to give checkmate this will simply act this point system here will simply act as a helpful guide to us okay now if I’m to give just a little bit of insight about a few of these values for to first look at just the Queen what is it maybe about the Queen that gives her such a high worth here assigning a value of 9 well one thing we could say about her as we saw in the first video the queen and king alone is enough to give checkmate she’s all she has the attributes of both rook and Bishop okay a more interesting question or a more if we look at the rook and Bishop comparing those two pieces is a little bit more interesting what is it about the rook that makes it more valuable than the bishop well on that we can say well the bishop maintains its color and so in some sense the bishop is deficient right if it’s starting out on a light square it must remain on a light square for the rest of the game it’s only moved to light squares control light squares the rook doesn’t have that problem it can make use of the whole chessboard when we compare rook and Knight the rook is a long-range piece it can go from one side of the board to the other in just one move then I can’t do that okay now let me reiterate something here this is a basic point system that we can use that will help us make good decisions okay to know who if any benefits from a particular exchange of pieces using this guideline using this basic point system is a for now at least a fine starting point but do know that as we develop a deeper understanding of the game will also be refining our way of thinking about the game okay and the value of the pieces as we develop a better understanding of the game it’s going to become more apparent to us that the bishop tends to be worth a little bit more than the knight and without going into any great detail for now and to give just one quick reason for this let’s just say that it’s really nice it’s very often the case it’s really nice to have a long-range piece it’s really nice to be able to go from one side of the board to the other and just one move having that attribute in a piece is quite useful okay the night does not have that capability takes in several moves okay now I’d like to just play through a game here to show you how it may how some game might play out where you have a lot of even exchanges in fact this game I’m showing right now that’s all we get to see is just one even exchange after another black just captured upon and a couple moves later white is getting it back we get to see all even exchanges in this one night for night and I’m going through this game for a few reasons one is to just show how a game might play out just some even exchanges here and also to draw your attention to some basic chests vocabulary one detail here is that when I’m using the word pawns sound this is going to sound weird but when I say the word pawns I’m referring to pawns when I say the word pieces I’m referring to anything but pawns okay also I’d like to tell you a little bit about knights and bishops term that we can use to describe knights and bishops is minor pieces whereas the rooks and the Queen’s we consider them major pieces in this game all pieces all minor pieces and all major pieces get exchanged Bishop for Bishop and eventually we have the other bishops being exchanged back-to-back exchanges three points for three just there and this is where we now have a little bit of a combination to finish up here and this next move we have Queen takes rook at first it appears we’re giving up nine we only got five Queen four rook exchange that doesn’t seem so good for white at first glance and now with this next move we’re giving up five we’re getting three and our opponent’s getting five so that seems like it’s another bad trade but we’ll soon find out how sneaky or how tricky tonight could be in the game at the end of the day he’s going to get nine points and then black gets three at the end of it all at the end of that combination everything is balanced this is a game of all even exchanges I’d like to also point out that does not imply this does not imply that when you make even exchanges in chess it’s just going to end up as a tie that is not the case at all it happened in this game but it will certainly not happen in all games that’s for sure this game by the way if you’re curious was from the 2013 World Chess Championship match between Magnus Carlsen playing his white and Vishy Anand and it was at this point they agreed to a draw there’s not a way to make progress but just to emphasize the importance of material in chess I showed earlier about giving up your rook and only getting a bishop in return that wasn’t a good choice and you can expect that if you’re doing something like this if this game was to continue if black is making move like so being down just one pawn that’s a big deal don’t just treat pawns as if all they’re not so significant they’re significant okay you’re going to lose upon that pawn is going to turn into a queen and we know from our first video how powerful of course a queen can be okay my main point of emphasis in this video just as a close was to draw your attention to a basic point system okay this will be helpful to us this is just one factor the factor of material points in chess there are plenty of others but for now I just wanted to focus on material this basic point system of 1 3 3 5 & 9 and this is going to be a helpful guide to you when you play the game ok so that’s all for this video as always I hope you got something out of it and I will catch you in video 3 take care bye you

89 thoughts on “The Relative Value of Chess Pieces – Beginner to Chess Master #2

  1. Glad you're doing a series for learners Jerry. So many will get so much out of it. One thought: before you launch into video 3's theme, you might want to discuss open vs closed positions, as a way to add insight into the relative value of bishops and knights.

  2. A point about the rook vs knight and bishop is also that it may always potentially access 14 different squares no matter its position (provided the ranks and files are open). The maneuverability of the knight and bishop, however, is reduced closer to the edges…

  3. You are doing a great thing for chess, Jerry! I feel like beginners lose interest in chess because they know the rules but don't know the little things (like what you talked about in this video) & as a result they lose games, discouraging them. Keep making these short, informative videos and I wouldn't be surprised if the number of chess "drop outs" lowers!

  4. Love these videos, I've always heard about and wondered about the point system, but never had the chance to look it up. Thanks for the video! 😀

  5. honestly this is a unique series from anywhere that I have seen on youtube. Yes there are many useful and learning videos, about openings, endings, games and matches. But a progressive series meant to illustrate the game to even the most basic chess learner is a very unique thing. I wonder, what made you think that it wouldn't as popular and high quality as it actually is Jerry? Anyway congrats and continue this series, very good insight as always, it is a privilegde to have a master teaching like this, for free!

  6. Honestly, I never understood why bishops are always worth "a little more" than knights. Sure they can move across the board quickly but they are color dependent. Not only can knights maneuver to any square they cannot be blocked in. Not to mention knight forks are often overlooked by beginners to intermediates alike. Maybe on a GM level bishops are worth slightly extra but 1700 and below I think they are quite the equals.

  7. I find a useful analysis tool for point systems like this to be counting the number of squares a piece can effect. In general, the more squares a piece is able to influence, the more valuable it is. This is also why center squares are more valuable, and the difference between a good bishop and a bad bishop, and why knights are better in closed positions.

  8. I like to start out by instructing a new player that chess is a game of three resources: Space, Time and Force which you use in combination to effect checkmate. It takes an advantage in at least one of these elements to win. Major pieces represent greater value of Force because they can control more Space in less Time than minor pieces, for example.

  9. I think there is alot more you could of said to justify the value different between the pieces. For example rooks also with queens are are only pieces that deliver mate with king alone. Another is that a night can be trapped on the edge of the board by a bishop, rook or queen so that it cannot move without being captured.

  10. I thought the king, although not capture-able, still has a value of 3.5? According to STL chess classes (from a long time ago btw)

  11. It could have been interesting to see a filled board where the knight becomes more useful than the bishop. Either way, from what I can tell there are so far 14 videos of this, I'm looking forward to see the next ones 😀

  12. So if one were to make a series of moves that sacrificed a bishop for three pawns, would that be considered an "even exchange"?

  13. hello jerry I 've been wwatching you for years and im a fan of your style of play. I think it would be really fun for your subscribers if you made blitz chess videos but with gambits only, a specific one or various it doesnt matter. 3 or 5 minute games playing attacking gambits only in a single video of half an hour or more would be really great. Maybe another good idea would be playing blitz games again but only playing strict positional chess. always develop the pieces first , not attacking then castling and so on no matter what the opponent plays. even if the opponent makes an easy mistake at the beginning you wont attack so you can teach the viewers the value of extra tempo. I dont know if u got the idea but its pretty similar to max dlugy videos who are fantastic. he played one hour chess blitz only with giving a up a pawn at the beginning or only playing defensively and attacking only if its needed

  14. So then based on this video, if you had the option to either lose a bishop and take no piece back, or lose a rook but take a knight back, you would choose the latter?

  15. Too simple to say that the Bishop tends to be better than the Knight. The position dictates which piece is better. In a closed center, the knight is often better. Likewise, a pawn endgame where the pawns are all on one side of the board favors the side with Knight.

  16. I've heard that higher rank players prefer bishops over Knights. as an unranked player, am I supposed to prefer Knights right now, or is that whole idea not true

  17. wow, this is so amazing. learning a TON. you're a great teacher! I've always wanted to learn more than basic ways of moving pieces around. thank you!!

  18. Thanks for the great video series. After watching your Twitch Chess World Championship streams, I found I know nothing about chess haha

  19. Not only is there good information in ALL these videos, I really appreciate the TIME spent on the video editing !!! 🙂

  20. I have a question:
    Would your knight/bishop change in value late game? For example, I know that if you have a well placed bishop you wouldnt want to trade for a bad placed knight, but what if both pieces were in the same rank of positioning. Is a knight more useful late game or a bishop? I know this may be a dumb question because it does vary every game, but asking in general, is there a rule or anything on it? Thanks

  21. shouldnt the pawn be 2 even though its the most common it could transfom into any of the peices , the bishup be 4 since it is better than the knight and is better for more situations , and the queen be 10 because it can do many things and is priceless if the pawn cannot transform into it

  22. pawn should be worth like 8…
    you can turn it into a queen, and you can only move knights without moving the pawns.

  23. It's funny, after years of not playing chess (outside of the occasional casual match with friends) this still seems really self-explanatory. Even so, it's really helpful to review, plus newcomers to the game who don't know these basics yet will really benefit

  24. Returning to Chess after 15 years, great stuff. One question, was it not queen as a 10? Or a lil Lee then that depending on the situation, or something changed this century?
    Love your channel, I returned 48 hours ago, cause i caught a Bobby Fisher 21 brilliance video from you by mistake. Be ez.

  25. Does the basic point system entail that the total value of both knights is greater than one rook and the total value of both rooks is greater than the queen?

  26. This is a rough estimate of the relative values of the pieces.  This is useful as a general material count.  There are a lot of factors that will cause a piece to be more valuable such as:  the mobility of the piece, if a knight is posted deep in a critical area of the board it can even be worth more than a bishop or a rook in the right position and circumstances,  if the rook is on an open or half-open file this gives the rook more value in the position,  etc.  This is a way to start an evaluation of material in a chess game.  Part of the fun of playing a chess game is the complexity of the game.  Often factors such as:  King safety, sacrifices, positional play and combinations change the values of the pieces in the game.  In general, these values of the pieces are useful.  This is a good video Jerry.  Keep up the good work.

  27. It’s really interesting because in the Bishop is more valuable than the Knight, but in some ways the Knight is more valuable than the Queen, and in some ways the Pawn is the most valuable of all.

  28. When I as a little kid, I remember my grandfather teaching me this point system. But I always remembered it as queen being 8 points

  29. Queen is nine? Yes, but also, some say it's ten. Nine is more often, but ten is also an option.

  30. Thanks for making this playlist of chess videos! I'm hungry for some online chess knowledge and advice. 🙂

  31. I was taught to play by Pawn 1, Knights/Bishops 3, Rook 4, Queen 7- depending on the board state -2 to +2.

  32. Don't give away 2 minor pieces for a rook and a pawn unless it's the endgame and your opponent only has a rook and a pawn.
    It's not equal. It's either good for you or it's a very bad move. If the queens are on the board, there is a great chance that it's a bad move.

  33. Just started watching this series and it's great. Even knowing some of the basics, I'm willing to go through the whole playlist. The fact you are teaching this for free is also fantastic and shows how great you are. Since I'm without a job and can't afford classes nor books, having this makes me blessed. Thank you.

  34. I would argue that in theory, the king is not priceless. It is worth 40 — all the pieces plus one. If u lose all your pieces to save the king, when the king could have moved a square, it’s not worth it. Priceless, or infinity, is large and the king is not worth that. It’s worth precisely all your pieces plus one.

  35. 2:21 I usually do Qc8 so the Queen wouldn't ever be captured if played out… unless you're some kind of misogynist, j/k but in all seriousness in a "bullet" time control it could save the game at the last minute.

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