Secrets of Chess Tactics | Chess Pins | Stunningly beautiful secrets revealed | Everything you need!

Secrets of Chess Tactics | Chess Pins | Stunningly beautiful secrets revealed | Everything you need!


Hi all. Let’s continue our look at the
secrets of chess tactics and today let’s look at pins so you can follow along and
try these examples yourself on the improve menu at www.chessworld.net. Just go to Puzzle books and if you want to go into the tactics category … middle game tactics … weakness to exploit and we check out that category we’re going to be looking
at the pin tactics today. So what is a Pin?
There’s a nice definition on wiki. A pin is a situation brought on by an
attacking piece and which a defending piece cannot move without
exposing a more valuable defending piece on the other side to capture by the
attacking piece. So moving the attacking piece to bring on the pin it’s called
pinning. So when you pin something you’re pinning the defending piece so
restricted is described as pins. It’s the victim. Only pieces that can
move an indefinite number of squares in a horizontal vertical or diagonal line
can pin. So you’re only pinning with your bishops rooks and Queens. Kings
knights and pawns cannot pin. Any piece can be pinned except the King because
the King must be immediately removed from check under all circumstances and
the most important types of pin are absolute pins and relative pins. So absolutely means against the opponent’s king. Relative is say against opponents queen. The risk
with the relative pins is that they can sometimes have the option to move out of
that relative pin. So that’s the theory of it. Let’s look at some practical examples
now and I’ll put it onto a big screen mode. This first example from Aron Nimzovich who one of the leading hypermodernists who categorized by the way in his
classic book “My system” pins as a very special case of not just the tactical
concept but a strategic one as well. He realized that they they could and be
used in a sort of positional manner to immobilize the opponents position. But here we have a super cool tactic. Five seconds to pause the video. What would you play here? Okay the rooks attacks you might think
well we need to move the rock surely? No There’s a pinned g7 pawn.
Think again. I will give you a tiny bit of time to
think again if you’re moving the rook. You can actually play queen g6
and there’s an unstoppable threat here. After Kg2 to get out of this check we go here in particular is a good square. The unstoppable threat is Queen
takes h6. What can black do about that? If the bishop moves we can take and then mate there. Or just mate with Queen takes g7 if the bishop moves. So it’s a really
super cool pin vividly demonstrating the power of the pinned piece or pawn.
Well it’s illusionary and “pin and win” basically. The expression “pin and win”
definitely winning here so let’s go on to another example.
Five seconds to pause video so Emanuel Lasker one of the world
chess champions. He creates a remarkable pinning concept by first playing the
check. So the Queen’s pinned to the king but that’s not a big deal here. If we
take the Queen then knight takes. So what actually can we play here to really
invoke another kind of pin and which is winning the Queen. If I give you five
seconds. Okay to make this a big deal we introduce rook e8 check creating a
pinned knight there so that’s immobilized and now we can just take the Queen. So
that’s a wonderful example of a pin. You might be wondering on kf8 in this
particular example then there’s Bishop h6 check so we can drive the King to g8
and then we could deliver Qe8 check mate or on knight c6 there’s another
wonderful tactic Queen takes c6 and then we have Rd8 checkmate like
bishop and rook Paul Morphy Opera style checkmate.
Okay I hope you enjoyed that one. Our third example. If I give you five
seconds I’m hoping you’ll see this one. Relatively easy. So identify the pinned piece of pawn. Assume it’s power is illusionary and then you can end up with queen takes f3. Yes,
that pawn was pinned to the king absolute pin – so a nice simple example
there. And another one similarly what is pinned in this position? Five seconds okay – the pawn on e7 is pinned so we can play bang queen takes f6. This was an absolute
pin not relative pin the pawn was pinned to the King. Qxe7 checkmate. So here five seconds okay. That pawn is
pinned we can play rook h5 check and now invoke the power of the double check
forcing the King to move. So check from both Queen and rook and on King takes
Rxg6 is mate. There’s no King takes the bishop on c2 means it is mate. It is protecting g6. This is actually checkmate. There’s double check and mate. So on to the next example. This is a classic from a Bobby Fischer game. So how to exploit the pin if you haven’t seen this before I think you’ll have to
be a tactical genius to work this out if you haven’t seen this before. But you
might want to pause the video five seconds to pause the video. Okay the first move is actually causing interruption first. e5 to kick the knight back to
interrupt the Queen and rook. And it’s here we have basically a kind of
relative pin against d7 against the Queen and absolute pin against f7
against the king and both come to light here with this next move. Brilliant move
Bishop takes f7 so King takes and now Ne6!! so exploiting
that pin. And it’s absolutely winning the game. The game actually continued.
Bobby Fischer and Samuel Reshevsky had rivalry. He played on and on. He didn’t he didn’t want to
lose in less than twenty moves but it’s absolutely lost from here. He lost his
Queen and it carried on a bit but it’s winning the Queen. And there’s
nowhere for the Queen to run and if the King takes here then that it just gets
mated after the check the King gets mated pretty soon so crushing use of pins
there in this example. So here this was bad preparation I believe from Vishy
Anand following a stem game disastrously with the black pieces and
in fact white just played a simple refutation Queen e2 because the
knight is going to be pinned to the King on d5. You know with d3. It’s just a disaster and it ends in disaster here so knight c6 check. Now
the next example – how do we create a vicious pin in this example I give you
five seconds? Okay you actually just capture on e6 and this creates that
pinned pawn – a relative pin. And then takes e4. Also by the way on F takes is
still because that bishop was adding protection to the Queen and now a
protection is gone bang rook takes e4 is possible. So a great use of a pin
here as well now this check it would be lethal if King h1 Nf2 is forking king and queen and king g2 there Queen F2 check and it gets nasty after the you
know things like Qh2 but white can actually save themselves. If I give
you five seconds White uses a pin to save the position with Knight b6.
So on Queen takes there’s now queen d4 check so that that rook will be
pinned to the Queen – relative pin. And on queen takes yeah white is material up. So a crushing move
invoking the power of the pin in a defensive manner. In this fascinating
example it looks as though we’ve got two pins – an absolute pin or h7 and a
relative pin on f7. With that f7 pawn it looks as though rook g6 is really tempting but
black has a defensive resource there. Not f takes because there’s rook
takes f8. And that’s winning for white but actually f5 – so that protects
g7 so that makes things tricky. Can we eliminate this defensive resource of f5.
There’s a move white can play first which is absolutely crushing if I give you 5
seconds. So what would you play first? Best move here?
5 seconds pause the video. Yeah okay we can still exploit the pin on the f7 pawn
move Re6 so cannot take because of Rxf8 crashing through. Now this means the f5 defense is less effective and we could play rook g6 here now. And
so black tries to defend g7 like that but that neglects f7 we can take here
threatens Qxh7 checkmate. There’s a check here we can play here. Bureaucracy – a bit
of bureaucracy … forms to be filled etc and g3 – another bit of
bureaucracy. We don’t have to take that and in fact we can step back
to h1 and that’s absolutely winning. It’s gonna be absolutely winning. Checks we
can just get out of it soon and we’ll be mating on h7. So a crushing example there.
In this next example how do we use the pin if I give you 5 seconds? Okay we can actually pin that Queen to
the king. Absolute pin and that’s absolutely winning. If the Queen took we
have Queen e7 checkmate. On rook takes rook takes we’re pinning that Queen
still so it’s it’s absolutely winning here. So rook takes rook takes. If Bishop
takes we have Queen takes d8 checkmate. If Queen takes Queen e7 checkmate.
Here is a crushing use of a pin as a preliminary to a winning attack.
If I give you five seconds okay dark square weaknesses we can actually pin that
bishop and totally take out the defender with rook takes. And the key point here –
can you guess? Okay crushing blow. You can play Queen f6
threatening mate and because on G takes there would be rook G4 for King moves
Bishop takes is mate so that’s absolutely crushing. Here five
seconds okay we can take out the defense of h7
first. So queen h7 we got a pinned pawn – against the f7 which we can now exploits with ? Okay we can exploit that it seems in two ways. Knight takes e6 is
one of the ways. So that’s forking King and queen. Rook takes threatens Queen h8
so that means Black really has to do something radical and gives up the Queen. Well that’s
absolutely winning for White. Now here there’s a pinned rook. And there’s also
a pinned pawn. Both are absolute pins in this position. Five seconds okay we can
play the crushing move rook g5 wrenching open the F file. Now what would you say
rook f1 or queen h8? Okay I’m hoping you will choose Queen h8 because rook f1
there’s King g8. So Queen h8 we drag the rook back and now we can play the
check and with that “thorn” pawn in the center this is checkmating. Queen takes
mating. Now here our Queen is attacked. What can we play which invokes winning pins? Five seconds to pause the video. Okay. Bishop
g7 double-check so our queen cannot be taken because of that other check. Now we can take here and actually we can create another pin. Queen pinned to the king and
that pawn is pinned to the Queen. We can exploit this with can you guess? Knight g3
so if that pawn takes we can take the Queen there. And they’ll here the
back row is weak we can just play check and this is mating. Cute stuff invoking
pins there. A great example by Gata Kamsky – former US Chess Champion.
Here is a Queen’s gambit declined trap which is a well known trap. This is an example of a relative pin. What can we do here with black. If I give you five seconds. This
backfires on white totally. Knight takes d5 so offering Queen. Because now we have this check. We’re gonna get the Queen back. We can either just take
here leaving that pin in place or just execute the pin immediately both are
winning. Absolutely those moves are winning. Here Alexander Morozevich had a pinned piece and fell victim for Rd8 checkmating because Ne8 Qxe8
is checkmating. What could he have done first in this
position if I give you five seconds? Okay sometimes it’s very important to unpin.
and Kg8 would have been winning. Kg8 would have been absolutely winning with the big threat of rook takes h3. Tragedy there. You know that rook takes h3 is winning. With Rh1 coming. Black can make use of Kh7 if needed. The queen on f3 is stopping all the exit
roots of the king there so this unpinning as a preliminary to attack is
yes sometimes it’s very very important to do that type of prophylaxis before
going on the attack. Put yourself beyond defeat is an art
war principle. To put yourself beyond defeat before going on to the attack. Now
here white to play and mate. Okay I hope you can spot it. Yeah we can pin that Queen
that’s a desperate move in fact we have a strong move mating
here. Nothing beats really the mate in one.
Forget taking the Queen. That “thorn” pawn holds g7 for the checkmate and our last
example. I hope you can spot this? Five seconds … so what is pinned in this
position? The pinned piece or pawn – the power of it is illusionary according to Aron Nimzovich. Where is the illusion? Okay it’s f7 so the illusion is g6 so we can
actually snap g6 off and then checkmate here. So I hope you enjoyed these. Some of
them simple examples some of them more complex but you got the gist of it. Pin
tactics – you can come and practice these and other puzzles at www.chessworld.net from the improve menu … puzzle books … let’s go to the overview so there’s a lot there’s a
new book by the way Magnus Carlsen puzzles you might want to check out. 45 spanning
his career there. 45 puzzles I’ve just curated just yesterday as well. But for the
tactics section I thought we could go over pins today. I hope you got something
from that. Check that out yourself and also the playlist “secrets of chess
tactics” which this video is part of to revise the other tactical instruments
for winning chess. Thanks very much.

5 thoughts on “Secrets of Chess Tactics | Chess Pins | Stunningly beautiful secrets revealed | Everything you need!

  1. Funny thing here, it seems to me @ 8:56 black just needs to take the knight @ b6+ and the game can continue a bit more once the queens are out. White, understandably will end up with about 3 extra points after elimination of extraneous dross, but hey….white player may seethe over this needless continuation and actually make a boo-boo. Personally I would stay inside of 10 moves and if nothing happens – then – resign. Let the opposition sweat for a while, I say.

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