Secrets of Chess Tactics | Back Row Mate | Stunningly beautiful secrets | Everything you need!

Secrets of Chess Tactics | Back Row Mate | Stunningly beautiful secrets | Everything you need!

Hi all … Let’s continue our series on the
secrets of chess tactics there’s a playlist you might want to search for
secrets of chess tactics by Kingscrusher So let’s go and look at back row
mates now so back row mates. We will click start puzzles at
A background mate is when you back row checkmate the opponent’s King with either
Queen or Rook. It can’t be the other pieces it
has to be a horizontal check for that back row to be checkmate. So here this is a classic brilliancy example. Let’s go into big board mode so hopefully you can
analyze a bit easier. There’s a larger board here so white play here you might
want to pause the video now and work this out if you can. It’s very
difficult actually. Okay the first move of this absolute brilliancy is Queen g4.
If the Queen had taken then rook takes was a back row mate after taking
taking checkmate. Now here it continues absolutely brilliantly with Qc4
trying to deflect the Queen or rook away from e8. Now Queen c7 and now
this is a really delicate touch here in this position. You might think that to
try and deflect the Queen away from e8 Qxb7. That doesn’t work very
well in fact it would backfire to Queen takes e2 and white would be getting back
from mated after Rc1 check and then mating after taking on e1. So in fact
the first move here is very interesting a4! for deflecting the Queen
away from that that tactic. Now Re4. Now this works very well
queen x b7 and black is defenseless now the Queen can’t go to a4 and cannot take that. There’s no taking on e2 here there’s no taking there because of queen takes.
Back row mate is a major theme of this puzzle for both white and black.
That is an absolute classic example. Now here can you see? If you want to
pause the video now I will give you a few seconds after I say that. Okay rook takes
g7 for Queen f7 check and we have Queen f8 – back row check mate. Here you
might want to pause the video here the first check is fairly straightforward
you might imagine but now pause here in particular position. Okay rook takes f8
Knight f5 check takes away those two escape squares. It looks as though the King still got an escape square on h7 so the clever bit here is Queen f8
so that now rook d8 is check mate. This position we’re in check so King
takes and isn’t it desperate at this position isn’t King g8 desperate night
h6 aren’t we just absolutely losing there? Let’s have a look before we resign
this … King g8 .. is it resignable? After Nh6 check do we resign here or
not? Black to play … you might want to pause the video okay Queen takes h6 wonderful saving tactics Ne2+ dragging the King away from protecting the rook and it’s a
disaster for white on that back row. If only the King had made air earlier (made “Luft”)
with h3 this this wouldn’t exist this horrible backfire so sometimes
that’s a very important form of prophylaxis when you make air for your
King as lack of escape squares has been exploited now here if we play Bishop
takes yes that backfires to rook takes and we’re getting back from mated
ourselves here. What can black do? You might want to pause the video … okay rook
g8 now that was hitting the Queen if Queen takes there’s Queen e1 or Queen g1
there getting a back row mate eventually
and if rook takes there was Queen g1+ supported by the rook and after taking taking still back row mate. So check here though and now can you see what black plays? okay rook c1 check for Queen takes c1
checkmate. White to play. A nice little move which basically wins
with a winning advantage Pause here. Okay Bishop b8 disconnecting
the rooks threatening QxR and now queen takes is possible because
of the back row mate issue. No air for the King so if it carried on
then there’s a checkmate there coming up. This you might have seen before – a classic
… it starts off with a check and now you might want to pause this if you haven’t
seen this before okay rook g1 check Queen e1. You might think … what’s the point of this? The Kings always got g2. How is the King getting mated. It is here you might think because isn’t the King getting g2 if we sack the
Queen on two of the squares but there’s another square we can get the bishop
involved Queen f1 getting a bishop involved cutting out escape squares
usefully and now checkmate wonderful stuff. Here black to play. Very powerful
forcing moves one should always consider in calculation especially checks
prioritize checks to calculate as the opponent has very limited replies to
checks. Pause here if needed.
Queen takes f3 check Bishop h3 Bh4 and backrow checkmate
soon after this rook takes f1 checkmate. Here a complex example. Pause here if
needed It looks as though we’re being attacked
with gxh3 – this looks very dangerous if g3 then gxh3 and Queen takes g3 is threatended and that g file looks ferocious so white acts quickly here
Bishop h6! And now not queen b1 because
there’s Bishop b6 so knocking out a defender as well – Qxd4 !! exd4 Rfb1
now we’re threatening checkmate and that is desperate (nd7) we can take here and that is occupying an escape square for checkmate there. Okay how do we rescue the knight
here it is pinned – it’s double attacked ..Are we just losing the knight? Pause here
if needed .. Knight c3 and now there’s Rb1 checkmate. This position is white getting perpetual check. It
looks pretty dangerous but black resolves the issue of Queen takes f1.
After taking there’s Bishop b5 check and this is pushing the King back where it’s
got no air rook e1 checkmate. This position is quite beautiful. You might want
to pause the video to work this out okay Queen takes d7+ clearance of the e-file
for Knight c7 and Rd8 checkmate – a Paul Morphy style opera checkmate with rook and bishop. Okay here the Queen is fortunately protecting h7 so actually
there’s a very dangerous thorn pawn as well but we can threaten mate. The Thorn pawn is not always winning every game and now can you see might want to pause the
video? Queen takes b1 yes the King’s lack of her air means it’s gonna be a
back row checkmate after Nc1 taking. Nice one. Here pause if needed Queen e7
threatening Qf7 mating and that isn’t actually parried here. If rook
takes there is rook f8 checkmate but now Queen f8 here rook takes … check mate nice example here pause if needed. Rc3 now this looks like a clever response because if Queen takes
then Queen takes c3 but can black do better
the King is lacking air – that should be a clue something might be up when there’s
a lack of escape squares of the opponent’s king. Okay Rb3 trying to play
for rook takes b1 mating on Queen takes and now rook takes b1 and
actually just winning material rook up very nice. Gligorich. That’s a
duplicate . Alexander Alekhine against Koehnlein. Nxe5 . I will take you to the
critical position here. Check now what do you play in this position? Okay the best
move – the absolute best move is Queen takes d6 yeah that’s actually absolutely
winning because of the check and then taking here would be a whole piece up. It’s much
stronger we’ll see in a moment that is the much stronger than the
immediate Nxf7 check so if we look at this position in particular. If
Nf7+ – that just wins the exchange so Queen takes d6 knocking out that defense of f8
basically after Nf7+ If takes, check is going to be mating. Otherwise
winning the Queen piece up. This position there’s a loose piece
which should signal there might be some tactical issues to celebrate. Tactical
liabilities like loose pieces or lack of escape squares are tactical liabilities
or issues to celebrate you might want to pause the video. What does White play
here? Queen f5 hitting that loose piece
threatening Qc8 mate as well and here Kings got a lack of escape
squares Queen f8 is mating. Flohr against Thomas – White to play here.
Pause if needed. Knight takes d5 offering the Queen now not rook
b8 check taking taking allows King d7 but actually throwing in the bishop to
help cover the escape squares. Rook b8 And you might think the King has got d7. This is where the bishop still comes in to play its part.
Bc8+ the Bishop takes e8 – and a back row mate. Wonderful stuff now here Knight takes b4 Re8 check Be4 check and
its actually mate here. Now the Kings is not technically on the back row
there. But it’s great fun anyway. This
position you might want to pause. Garry Kasparov game against the Mephisto computer rook takes g7 bishop check and now
bringing the Queen in Bishop g7 so if the King haven’t taken there’s horrible
things like Qh6 – now Queen g5 Queen h6 – now the key move here – not Qh8 because there is a key move which
creates some coordination with bishop and Queen – Bishop g6+ for Queen h8
and there’s coordination on e8 there which would be checkmate. This position
pause if needed – Blackburne. Rxg2+ If King takes there was a lethal double
check now here rook takes h2 check and it’s
gonna be a back row mate there. Here, Black to play Vishy Anand playing black against Vladimir Kramnik. Queen f3 threatening rook h1 mating.
So that’s check unveiling a check. Where does the King go g5 or f5? in fact it does make
a difference King f5 is best to stop any Queen any
Qd8+. The thorn pawn is winning it’s cutting
away escape squares if the King makes a run for it then rook h1 the thorn pawn is
covering e2. There is nothing White can do. If King g5 – let’s have a
look at that taking first and check gives white some hope and it’s probably
a draw okay so it’s important sometimes to avoid being checked
now here white to play. Pause video if needed. okay the Kings really lacking in air.
Queen takes a8 – rook e8 mating. Nice simple back row mate there
compared to some of the other examples and here even simpler can you guess pause here if needed. The thorn pawn is covering key escape squares as well Queen takes h8 for rook takes.
And one last example to reinforce the concept okay Bishop e6 check and there’s
no escape now after Qh8 checkmate. So the back row mate is a celebration
of lack of escape squares and in general if you can restrict the opponent’s king
escape squares you should be looking out for checkmates and celebrating that.
Lack of escape squares is really a tactical liability its own right in a general sense when
there’s a lack of escape squares you’ve basically constructed a partial mating
net. There are these pointers for a lot of these tactics –
clues that something is up – the classic one is like loose pieces and another
classic in general is king safety but lack of escape squares is a
big one celebrated with the back row mate tactic in particular but yeah try
and if you abstract the generalities of it – what’s causing the back row mate – it’s
the lack of escape squares and these these are the clues which should make
you more aware that things do exist in the position and maybe take a bit more
time to find the absolute strongest moves to celebrate those factors. You can check out these from the improve menu as it says here go to – register, login improve menu.. Puzzle books and you’ll
see lots of these puzzle books and this is the latest in the series of this
playlist secrets of chess tactics you which you might want to look up and
review the others there’s a bit of reinforcement learning as well going on.
You might have seen some of these before but hopefully you’ll get quicker and
quicker at spotting winning combinations of that and similar
positions okay thanks very much.

8 thoughts on “Secrets of Chess Tactics | Back Row Mate | Stunningly beautiful secrets | Everything you need!

  1. Q.Are you inspired by the opponent's king lack of escape squares to search for Checkmates? 🤔😀😎🌍 Video:

    #chess #tactics #chesstactics #chesstraining

  2. Really glad to see a new video!  Your stuff on the Elephant Gambit years ago really turned me on to the opening and I'm starting to have a lot more fun with the game again!

  3. Ending the series on backrow mate with Bacrot's game – nice pun. His name is pronounced almost like backrow 🙂

  4. Really enjoying the tactics and the puzzle books are a great feature, of your website. Thanks KC keep up the good work

  5. A very nice idea to have some of these wonderful tactical motives repeated in (or almost) all of the tactics educational videos you created so far. It shows to prospective tacticians how all of these tactics are a combination of different tactical ingredients. Each "recipe" can contain many different tactical motives, like you pointed out. Decoy, deflection, back row mate and many others can all exist in one combination. When puzzles are very difficult it helps to think abstractly of these motives.

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