Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Determiners – English Grammar Review (1/3)

Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Determiners – English Grammar Review  (1/3)

Hi everyone. It’s Jennifer. Since I’m an English teacher, it won’t surprise you to know that I love grammar. But I know that many others don’t love this subject. In fact, some people react very negatively to grammar terminology. So starting off this lesson immediately with examples of determiners and noun modifiers won’t excite the majority of you. So let’s try to ease into this grammar lesson, okay? Tell me what’s the best vacation you ever had? Here are some photos from one of my more recent family vacations. Do you recognize any of the places? People say that a picture is worth a thousand words, and while it’s true that an image can be very powerful, photos can’t completely replace daily communication like email and phone calls. And no university professor is going to accept a photo instead of a written essay, just as no boss is going to accept a series of photos instead of a written report. We have to use words like these And we have to put them in the right order to build sentences. Understanding syntax, helps me build this sentence: Last summer my family visited a few national parks in South Dakota and Wyoming Knowing how to put words in the proper order is called syntax If you want to be effective in your communication, take the time to learn syntax. To help you, I’m going to review all the parts of speech in English. We’ll break each category down, and I’ll give plenty of examples. This lesson will be about how words function in a sentence. If you understand the function of a word, you’ll be more confident about the word order in every sentence you say or write. Let’s start. I don’t want to overwhelm you with terminology, so we’ll break this lesson into three parts. In part one, we’ll talk about nouns, pronouns, and determiners. In part two, we’ll look at verbs, adjectives, and conjunctions. In part three, we’ll look at adverbs, prepositions, and interjections. I should note that some sources don’t include determiners. That’s why you may hear about eight parts of speech rather than nine. I feel determiners are important, and I’d like you to understand what they are and what they do, so I’m including determiners in my list. Let’s begin our review. Every conversation is about something or someone. We need to talk about people and things, so we use nouns. Nouns are the subjects of our sentences. Nouns can be people, places, animals, or things — either concrete or abstract. As subjects, nouns can begin a sentence. Proper nouns are names of specific people and things. Proper nouns must be capitalized. Common nouns are names of everyday things. These nouns are not capitalized. Here’s another way to look at nouns. They can either be countable or uncountable. This is important to understand because the number of things influences other word forms in a sentence. Here’s a quick check. Can you sort the nouns into two groups, countable and uncountable? Here are the answers. If you need more practice, you can watch my lessons on countable and uncountable nouns. I’ll put the links in the video description. If a noun is countable, we can use either the singular or plural form. Plural nouns can be either regular or irregular. I’ll include a link to an odor lesson that I have on the pronunciation of regular plural endings -s and -es. “Tourists” is an example of a regular plural noun. “Buffalo” is an example of an irregular plural noun. We can also talk about collective nouns. They refer to a group, but collective nouns function as singular nouns. At least, that’s true of American English. “Family” is a good example. We haven’t talked about all the parts of speech yet, but I need to state briefly now that nouns can also function as objects. That means that nouns can also follow verbs and prepositions. The object of a verb is called a direct object. The object of a preposition is called an indirect object. When we speak or write at length we don’t usually repeat the same noun over and over again: Buffalo are large animals. Buffalo can run very fast, and when buffalo run, buffalo are very dangerous. That sounded wordy, right? Instead we use pronouns. Pronouns are words that replace nouns, so we sound less repetitive. We can only use pronouns when the reference is clear. So first we use a noun, and as we continue to speak or write, we can refer back to that person or thing with a pronoun Pronouns can be subjects or objects, just like nouns. Let’s talk about personal pronouns first. Subject pronouns are: Object pronouns are: We also have possessive pronouns: Can you identify the types of pronouns I’m using? Do you understand what each pronoun refers back to? Look. Here’s an interesting note: The subject pronoun IT doesn’t always refer back to something. IT can be a “dummy” subject. It’s just a placeholder. Sometimes we need the subject pronoun to make a statement about something that simply is It’s three o’clock. It’s cold outside. It’s time to go. We also have reflexive pronouns: And we have demonstrative pronouns: Demonstrative pronouns can easily function as subjects or objects: This is fun. I love this. But reflexive pronouns are a bit different. They can be objects. For example: Reflexive pronouns can also help us emphasize a subject For example: Do you know what reciprocal pronouns are? Don’t worry. If you don’t know the term. I bet you know these pronouns. It’s a very short list. each other / one another Reciprocal pronouns help us explain actions that are given and received equally. For instance: And finally, we have relative pronouns, like who, which, and that. I hope you’ve watched my series on adjective clauses to understand how relative pronouns function within a sentence. Okay. We’ve covered nouns and pronouns. Let’s take the time to talk about determiners. Before I start naming different determiners, let me show you some more photos from my family vacation. Determiners tend to be short words that help us determine what or who we’re talking about. We place a determiner before a noun. Determiners include articles. numbers and quantifiers, demonstrative determiners, and possessive determiners. Articles include the indefinite article and the definite article. As for the indefinite article, remember we use A before consonant sound and AN before a vowel sound. As for the definite article, we say THE (“thuh”) before a consonant sound and the (“thee”) before a vowel sound. Sometimes we use no article, so we can talk about a zero article. I have a series of lessons on articles, so you may want to check out the video description for those links. Numbers and quantifiers help us talk about how much or how many? Some quantifiers can only be used with countable nouns like MANY and SEVERAL. Other quantifiers can only be used with uncountable nouns like MUCH and A LITTLE. Demonstrative determiners are also called demonstrative adjectives. You know these words: this, that, these, those. Remember we use THIS and THESE for things that are close to us in time or space. We use THAT and THOSE for things that are more distant. We’ve already talked about THAT, THIS, THESE, and THOSE as pronouns, so you can see that some words fit into more than one word class Finally, we have possessive determiners, which some call possessive adjectives. They include: Help me build some sentences with determiners. Put the missing words in the right place. Note that once we put a determiner together with a noun, we have a phrase. A phrase is a group of words that functions as a unit in a sentence. For example, we can have a noun phrase. That noun phrase can be a subject or an object. For example, in sentence 1 “my daughter” is the object of a preposition. Okay. I think that’s a pretty good start. We’ll continue with more parts of speech in part two. If you’re eager to continue this grammar lesson, please like this video. As always, thanks for watching and happy studies! Become a sponsor of English with Jennifer. You’ll get a special badge, bonus posts, on-screen credit, and a monthly live stream. Click on the link or look in the video description for more information. Note that sponsorships are not available in every country at this time Join me on my YouTube community tab for special posts each week. If you haven’t already, please subscribe to my channel. That way you’ll get notification of every new video I upload to YouTube.

90 thoughts on “Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns, Determiners – English Grammar Review (1/3)

  1. Thank you for your patience. I was able to overcome my computer problems to produce the video today…just one day late!
    I'll upload the correct captions later this evening. 🙂

  2. Hi my dear sweetie… always I waiting for your video… Today you are sooooo beautiful… I love you darling…. Kiss kiss kiss….😍😍😍😚😚😚

  3. I thought it'd be a different topic, but as they say, it would do no harm to review some basic topics once awhile. Thank you, Jennifer for taking the time to make this video for us.✌👍

  4. Very useful lesson and you broke down the lesson the three parts. I love grammar. Have a good Day. A

  5. I can only display my deep and sincere appreciation , your care to humanity with these words ; my brotherly love to kind hearted woman , Jennifer !

  6. Thank you so much Jennifer, I really appreciate this video since we are seeing Nouns and determiners in class at the moment! From Paris!

  7. Hi Jennifer, you are an amazing person, your classes help us a lot. Thank you for your patience with your students, have a good weekend, you and your family.

  8. Because of Jennifer's unbeatable spirit, she tore apart the monster that had dared to enter her computer. Hats off to Jennifer's bravery.

  9. I've seen so many teachers on youtube who talk about different topics but Jennifer is very different. ma'am you work so hard and provide so much knowledge in one video.. your work is so appreciable. thank uh so much…

  10. Dear Teacher Jennifer,

    The video lesson about the Parts of Speech is incredible. The way you extrapolate the subject matter is professional. The photographs and the given examples are interesting and meaningful. Needless to say that one can easily understand the lesson.

    In this respect, you deserve a good credit. You are a good and experienced English teacher. Many of your lessons have cleared grammar doubts in my mind. Thanks you so much. We ( the viewers ) receive widespread support from you. Thank goodness !

    Looking forward to other video lesson soon.

    Best regards,

  11. Hello mam, you are so nice in the world because you are so brilliant and my wish is meeting with you.I love your teaching mam.your lesson is very beautiful because when you teach I learn so much from you.keep it mam.Am I biggest fan of you.can you send me your signature with your photo? I waiting for your kindness reply.

  12. Hi Jennifer, I'm mad about this kind of grammar lessons. They help me to understand those things that I didn't before! And guess what? I learn new topics today about determiners and reciprocal pronouns. Years learning English, but never before had I had such a complete lesson, so well explained. I'm sure there is no anther teacher like you all over the world. Words can't describe how grateful Iam.

  13. Hi!! Mam it's me Aakash
    Plz tell me best standard of this sentence — it's totally illegal to sit with 4 guys on a single bike

  14. Hi!! Mam I have a question
    Generally before a proper noun any article is not place but when a proper noun is used as the common noun then article "the" is placed before that proper noun.
    Plz give an example

  15. I have one more question plz explain it to me.
    Which sentence is right…
    I have bought 10 gram gold or
    I have bought 10 gram of gold
    Plz explain

  16. Thanks for your great efforts.
    Special thanks for your lesion's index; it's an amazing idea, I watched it for first time, from you we always learn new.

  17. Very well done, Jennifer. The complexity of syntax in English organised in a simple and easy to understand video. "words have a function", and "syntax is ordering of words". The narrations and captions, and the flow diagrams are perfect. We are so lucky to get all this free! (For me, it is a revisit to school days many decades ago. As of now, the lessons provide the frame to me for understanding languages. My current passion is Persian). Looking forward to the remaining two parts.

  18. Good afternoon, Jennifer, how are you?
    I heard from your channel through an acquaintance of mine who is also learning English.
    I'm Brazilian, and I was wondering if you speak English?
    haaa, I used google translator for you, okay, because I'm learning the American English language, bjos

  19. This is no less but a perfect lesson! Grammar terminology couldn't have been explained better than this way. There photos and videos of yours are simply wonderful, especially buffalo 🙂

  20. Very good and informative. I have learnt a lot from this video. Your pronunciation is good. Congratulations .

  21. I loved your video! I´m an English teacher as well, and I´m doing an online TEFL course, and watching your videos to study. This video was great, and it was nice to see your vacations photos, specially the video about the running buffalos!

  22. thanks a lot Jennifer for your grammar and parts of speech lessons. I wish I had spent my four years college with you,I would rather have spoken English much better by now.

  23. Thank you so much lovely Jennifer. I love your teaching style and The way you take your time and teach as you are.

  24. Please be my grammar teacher!!!!!… I could understand you pretty well.. thank's for your clear explanation about this topics which are quite difficult…

  25. great job Jennifer. Love your grammar course. Your grammar course is one of few course i can recommend others to watch

  26. Hello.

    First of all, thanks for sharing your knowledge.

    Second of all, I have some questions:

    – What is the difference between a noun and a subject?
    – What is the difference between a phrase and a clause?
    – Do demonstrative adjectives and demostrative pronouns belong to DETERMINERS?


  27. Wow. Determiners😍loved it.
    … Respected Madam ..I also watched your 4 videos on phrasal verb…useful but my mother tongue is Hindi language and as you know there are so many phrasal verbs so how can I remember and get every question correct?

  28. "some say one thing and others another" kindly tell me what parts of speech are some, others and another in the sentence.

  29. "we must find some way out of it" Kindly tell tell me part of speech of word "out" in the sentence.

  30. "1. Do you ever think about living there?" "2. PTV's latest drama serial is about keeping traditions alive." Kindly tell me the part of speech of the word "about" in both the sentences ..

  31. Ma'm I have a question, it may sound non-sense but still I'll ask. I am studying one word used as different part of speech. Today a question arose in my mind and that is "can we use a pronoun form as a noun, or can we use a noun form as a pronoun?" For example we can use ing form as verb, as adjective and as a noun/gerund. Can same be the case with Nouns and pronouns?

  32. 1. "Even more people were there" Adverb (even) is modifying the determiner (more), since head in the phrase (even more people) is a noun/people, it is a noun phrase, am I right Ma'm? 2. A few more workers = Noun phrase? 3. Right up the tree = Noun phrase? Put it gently in the drawer, gently in the drawer = ?

  33. I went back to my books that I taught from at 12. The anecdotes were fun to read. An Englishman Australian n an American taking pride of how fast their trains were. .. so fast that looking out of the window made telegraph poles look like a fence.. etc. The Australian described:From Sydney to Melbourne we passed some flocks of sheep n fields of potatoes,cabbages , n carrots. We went so quickly that I thought it was an Irish Stew.

  34. MY Dearest Teacher Jannifer, I was ingressesd in a Hospital during three month (from Abril until July ) due to my Cardiespitarori Illnes i Thougt on all you all the time, and now I beg to you to be again of your Educative Club, receive Jeaniifer my best regards and salutation (I Though I have lost part of my memory. Armando Bruguera Juanós.

  35. Your very clear, interesting style of tutoring is helping me sort out the confusion in my head! I need to take a TEFL exam soon and got myself so bogged down with grammatical terms I had not been taught when I was at school and university. Many thanks for all the helpful links. God bless you. Julia from South Africa

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