How Garry Kasparov smashed the Queens Gambit Declined – Graz 1981 – Game vs Arne Duer

How Garry Kasparov smashed the Queens Gambit Declined – Graz 1981 – Game vs Arne Duer


Morning all, I’d like to show you another
amazing Garry Kasparov game. It was played in Graz, 1981. The Graz Tournament 1981 was a team championship,
the third world under 26 team championship and Kasparov was approaching the age of 18
years old. He actually turned 18 during the event I believe. This was his game against Arni Duer. So d4 from Gary Kasparov, Nf6 from Arni. C4, e6 and now Kasparov plays Nc3. So, he’s not minding Bb4, which is actually
the most common move here. But black can just play d5 as well. That it’s another popular move just to get
a Queens gambit declined. Nf3, Be7, Bg5, standard stuff. Queens gambit declined territory. Now black played h6 and an interesting departure
from the main move. The most common move is actually just to put
the bishop on h4 here. But Kasparov commits to Bxf6. So, we’re talking like over 5000 games with
Bxf6 and only about 679 with Bixf6. So slightly unusual to give up the bishop
pair voluntarily in this position. Black took back and now again a slightly unusual
move indeed. Usually we’d be looking to, pardon me, put
the bishop on D for the Queen on c2 to form a battery. But here is there any point to the battery? The pawn is on h6. Maybe the Queen can be better placed somewhere
else. Kasparov thought so and he actually played
Qd2. In fact, more popular is even just to wait
with Rc1. But Qd2 was played. It looks slightly unusual. Black now played c6 and now a really aggressive
move, showing aggressive intent. Kasparov played h4. So, his intention with h4, it looks as though
he’s going to Castle queenside now. He hasn’t moved this bishop. So, he’s ready to Castle queenside. That put on a competitor here. So, one thing about this position that early
capture on f6 means actually that bishop could be a target now to g4, g5 with tempo to try
and rip open the H file and in fact after Nd7 we do see the rather crude looking g4. Crude, but very effective. What does actually black do in this particular
position? It’s difficult to address this attack. Black tried here Re8. Now Kasparov Castle queenside. So, the immediate threat is really just g5
to get things open there and get that G line. Black played b5 trying to get his own kind
of counter-attack. But it is a pawn sacrifice and is it actually
justified to try and get a quick attack? Well White took on b5 and took against, because
Kasparov took time to take this pawn. Black, what is he doing? He’s actually created a pin anyway on d7. Which could be useful here and for example
if the bishop moved, then g5 is going to be more effective than it was. Because we are in d7 in this position. Which could be useful. So, after Bishop takes b5, it’s difficult
for black. But rook b8 seems for matter you know to open
and use the B file in general grounds. But White is trying to tear open G file and
does so now with g5. Sacking a pawn, hg, hg and black does play
Bxg5. Now usually taking a pawn
Like this with your King behind, it is not a recommendable idea. But how has white proved his attack? Well Kasparov took on g5 bringing the Qg5
and now an important tempo game. F4, not only hitting Queen, but now the Queen
can switch to h2 here to threaten Qh8++. Things are going bad for black. If we just rewind for a moment, in this position
it was already pretty critical though. So, you’d have to actually rewind further
maybe to even just Rb8. Blacks position after Rb8 maybe on the critical
side. The engine suggested here Be7 to be able to
answer g5 of h5 trying to keep everything closed. But it’s still a great position for white. So, things have gone wrong a bit earlier. But let’s get back to the attacking position
now. It’s pretty Stark. Qf6, Qh2 first thing mate in one. So black parries that with g6. Now there’s a really really fantastic move
played in this position. I wonder if you can guess it. It’s a crunching line opening move. So, if I gave you 10 seconds here what would
you play with white? You might want to pause the video. Okay f5 tearing open lines. Now if e takes, then Nxd5 looks strong, but
also maybe flinging in the check first and the Nxd5. As soon as that e7 exit. Qg7 here now. White can actually play just Qh8, just willing
the rook on e8. Black’s pieces are not even connected on the back row here. So, they’re kind of loose. So that’s kind of disaster for e take. Now for g tanks, then that’s just a fourth
mate actually like this and now the Queen can actually make use of d6 here blocking
e7 and there’s a really really crushing move here, Nxd5. After e takes, just Queen takes, Knight takes,
check and we are mating black. So, this is all pretty crushing stuff if this
pawn is taken with either the e pawn, g pawn. If the Queen takes then, Qh8 is mate. So Qg7, lets try it and now we get fxe6. So how does black take this pawn now? Well he took with the f pawn, it doesn’t look
very nice. He is weakening his King. This pawn chain around his king is disintegrating. Bd3 looks good, but Rg1 as well just eyeing
g6. So g6 is the new target now. Rf8, Bd3. Black having to defend g6 and in this position
actually white can win with multiple methods. The position is so crushing here. That in fact engine suggests just taking on
g6 is quite crushing like if Bishop takes g6 here. Takes, takes, takes, force check, Kf7. Rf7 is winning the Queen and that’s a winning
game. So, Kasparov has already achieved a huge position. But he chooses actually e4 here. Which is very good as well? Just threatening that e5 to displace the rook. So, what can black actually do here? He tries e5, but now Nxd5, Rf7 and in this
position just rook takes g6 splat. If Queen takes, then we’ve got the Qh8 black
resigned here not surprisingly. The rook can’t even deflect this way, because
we got bishop takes. So, it’s end of game. It shows a really crushing attacking style
the whole game and maybe something which is made to look simple, but how many of us would
have considered the early taking on f6 in conjunction with Qd2 here. The most usual beaten path in this position
was actually Rc1. So, this is a very very interesting method
of play. I mean the most common move with 893 games,
Rc1. But it doesn’t facilitate castling queenside. So, this is a seemingly fantastic plan for
Qd2 and did it offer actually any advantages over the c2 placement? You know it kind of made the default a little
bit safer. But maybe also on c2 the Queen was more of
a potential target. It just seems to have a fantastic flow this
game for the attack for just ripping open lines against the black King here. Just with h and g pawns accosting Queen side. Comments or questions on YouTube, thanks very
much.

14 thoughts on “How Garry Kasparov smashed the Queens Gambit Declined – Graz 1981 – Game vs Arne Duer

  1. Good game, but to be honest, his opponent was a weak defender. Counter attacking in such a situation is not a good idea. He should have defended properly. When you make a useless move on the queenside it's like you lose a tempo.  

  2. KC, I simply love this early Kasparov's games series. They demonstrate the sheer attacking power of Kasparov with amazing beautiful tactical shots. Keep it on!

  3. Immense creativity by Garry, can you imagine coming up with new ideas 100yrs into the chess modern era?!! His opponent could have defended better but as Karpov said after game 1 of their 1985 championship "it just downed on me that he (Kasparov) had steered me into a position that I had never encountered in serious play before, I felt like a deer in the headlights, I didn't have much of a chance"

    Carlsen needs to surprise Anand, take him to the depths of rare positions (or novel positions even better) and force his memory to make mistakes as to which line is the correct one. Otherwise the wise Indian GM will hold him to draws and then nick one game when Magnus begins to frustrate and push too hard. And then it will be all over. But its still early days, lets see how they do Game 3 today.

  4. I've played this system in a few club games now. It's a potent attacking idea. However, I've found problems if black chooses to fianchetto the light-squared bishop on b7. Black can undermine white's central pawns and put pressure on the f3 knight and the h1 rook. Any thoughts?

  5. At 7:36, Why Bc3 when RxG6 itself is winning instantly for white! Am I missing something? Can someone explain?

  6. Your theme of a robot lady with 1 red eye kinda scare me a little every time she pop up almost thought thus not a chess based Learson because of ur robot

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