Escola Xadrez Ourense – “Chess in English” – The pawns

Escola Xadrez Ourense – “Chess in English” – The pawns


hello welcome to xadrezourense.com I am David González Gándara and this is a Chess in English lesson today we are going to learn how to move the pawns the pawn is this piece here this is a
white pawn and each player has eight pawns the first move that a pawn can make it
can make quite a lot of different moves the first move you can make is what I would call a normal move which is to move one square to the front so that
would be one square to the font you can do this move unless the square you want
to go is blocked for example if there is a black pawn
just in front of the white pawn you cannot move but in any other case you are
allowed to move one square. The second move that the pawn can make is to move
two squares but you can only do that if the pawn hasn’t moved yet if the pawn
is in the initial position it’s okay to move two squares but not if you already
moved once I moved the the pawn here I cannot move two squares again but you
can move two squares any other pawn it hasn’t it hasn’t got to be the first
move in the game you can do any other time unless of course it is blocked if
there is a pawn here I cannot move this pawn two squares because if not I move
one square of course but not two The third move is how to take other pieces.
In chess you take an opponent’s piece if you occupy the square of that piece with
one of your pieces for example in this position the white pawn can take the
black pawn and you can put the pawn on the square the black pawn was before and
you can only do this in diagonal. You cannot take a pawn which is in front of your pawn we were talking
about that this is blocked, it cannot move and you cannot take a pawn which is
in the squares by your sides on the left or on the right you cannot
take that pawn but you can take a pawn in diagonal either to the left or
to the right and this is taking a pawn and you capture this piece and it’s away
from the game the third move that a pawn can make it’s called “en passant” take you can only do this if your pawn has reached the fifth rank 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th if
your pawn is on the fifth rank and your opponent moves a pawn two
squares remember that you can only do that if it’s the first move of that
pawn then you can take that pawn but not on this square because we already
mentioned that the pawns take in diagonals so you take the pawn in diagonal in the square that the pawn passed but not the square the pawn is
now I weill repeat with this move when my pawn is in the 5th rank and the
other pawn moves two squares I can take the pawn let’s say I can take it in the
way when it’s in the square I imagine I take it in the middle of the path you
can imagine that the pawn passed through a square that you can take it is ok to
take it and the final move that the pawn can make is to promote you promote a
pawn when it reaches the eighth rank the eighth rank of the board and when
you reach there you can change the pawn well in fact you must change the pawn
with any other piece set for another pawn or the King because you can only
have one one King on the board so imagine my pawn is here in this position
I can take that rook and I promote that pawn I can take any other piece I can
take a bishop a knight of course it has to be a piece that is not on the board
so if I only have one set of pieces I have a problem but I can take a knight
Bishop rook or a queen not other pawn and not a king and remember if you want
a queen and you only have the rook available don’t use an inverted rook
because if in this competition the arbiters sees that it’s going to be a rook
and you can have problems either remember to change with a piece
before for instance pressing the clock because if you don’t do that it’s
considered an illegal move and you can have problems too
okay that’s all for today thanks for watching see you in the next video

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