Donald Byrne vs Bobby Fischer – attacking the central king

Donald Byrne vs Bobby Fischer – attacking the central king


Hi! 🙂 My name is Peter Velicka. I’m a grandmaster from Czech Republic and I made this video recording for Remote Chess Academy. In this lesson, we’ll talk about the attack on the king in the center and I will show you a game of one of the best players in the chess history and 11th World Champion, Robert (Bobby) Fischer. What to say about this phenomenal American player! Exceptional talent and fortune to win. Robert Fischer is a chess model for many young players and he was a motive for me too. When I wrote, at high school, the topic on “My Model”, I wrote about Robert Fischer. It was still during communism and then I had to explain why i chose an American and not the Russian World Champion. Let’s go to the game. Robert Fischer played this game at age of 13 years with Black pieces, against Donald Byrne. This game was played in the Rosenwald Trophy Tournament which later, officially became the US Championship. This tournament was also the first true test of the scale for the very young future World Champion. In this tournament, Fisher didn’t get a very good result but drew attention to himself, brilliantly executed attack in the game which I will show you now. Let’s go to the game. 1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.d4 0-0 5.Bf4 and Bobby Fischer played 5…d5 to Grunfeld. 6.Qb3 Today, rather, normally played is 6.e3 or 6.Rc1 but this is now not important. Let’s go back. 6.Qb3 dxc4 7.Qxc4 c6 8.e4 8…Nbd7 9.Rd1 Nb6 10.Qc5 10…Bg4 11.Bg5 Both players could play during the opening in several places better. But this move is the first serious mistake. Instead of 11.Bg5, completing the development with 11.Be2 following 0-0 But White moves the same piece for the second time (Bg5). Now, the young Bobby Fischer punishes his rival for the violating one of the fundamental principles in the opening. How did Bobby Fischer continue? Fischer played Na4! Very nice move. Donald Byrne played Qa3 because after Nxa4 comes Nxe4 and now if Qxe7, then Qa5+, b4, Qxa4, Qxe4, Rfe8, Be7, Bxf3, gxf3, Bf8 and Black takes back the piece! Instead of Qxe7, White can play Qc1 but after Qa5+ Nc3, Bxf3, gxf3, Nxg5 and Black has a winning position because White has too many weaknesses. Let’s go back to the game. Qa3, Nxc3, bxc3, Nxe4, Black is not afraid of complications while the White king is still in the center. Bxe7, Qb6, Bc4. When White takes Bxf8, comes Bxf8, Qb3, Nxc3, Qxb6 axb6, Ra1, Bb4 and even though the material is reduced, the White position is very bad. After Bc4, Fischer played Nxc3! Bc5, and in case Qxc3, we’ll decide Rfe8. If Qe3, then Bxf3, gxf3, Qc7 and Black will win back the piece and has a winning position. Instead of Qe3, White could have played Bxf7+ but after Kxf7, Ng5+, Kxe7, 0-0, Bxd1, Rxd1, Qb5, Black has an extra rook. In the game, Bc5 was played. Rfe8+, now the White king missed castling and becomes victim of attack by Black pieces. White played Kf1. And how did Bobby Fischer play now? Fischer played Be6 – a great sacrifice of the queen! Much worse was Nb5, Bxf7+, and now Kxf7 loses after Qb3+, Be6, Ng5+ and after Kh8 will come, Bxb6, Nxa3, Bxe8, and White’s position is a little better. In the game, White accepted the sacrifice and played Bb6. We can look at other option. It doesn’t help Bxe6, Qb5+ Kg1 and Black gets a smothered mate Ne2+, Kf1, Ng3++ Kg1, Qf1+, Rxf1 and Ne2# After Qxc3 comes Qxc5, dxc5, Bxc3, Bxe6, Rxe6 with a winning position for Black. And after Bd3, Nb5, Black’s position is much better So the game continued. Bxc4+, Kg1 Ne2+, Kf1, Nxd4+ This tactical scenario where a king is repeatedly given checks is sometimes called a Windmill. Kg1, Ne2+ Kf1, Nc3+, Kg1, axb6, Qb4, Ra4, Qb6 and Nxd1! Black has, for the queen, a rook and two minor pieces and will win. The rest of the game is a matter of technique. h3, Ra2, Kh2 Nxf2, Re1, Rxe1, Qd8+, Bf8, Nxe1, Bd5, Nf3, Ne4, Qb8, b5, h4, h5, Ne5, Kg7, Kg1, and now Black pieces will give checkmate. Bc5+, Kf1, Ng3+ Ke1, Bb4+, Kd1, Bb3+, Kc1, Ne2+, Kb1, Nc3+ Kc1, Rc2# 0-1. Perfect coordination of Black pieces! What to say in conclusion? Did you like this game? What so imporant happened in the game? Black attacking White king was successful. White did a serious mistake in the opening. He moved the same piece twice. Then Bobby Fischer went into advantegous complications, found a nice combination and White missed castling. He joined all his pieces into the attack, coordinated their work. He used three files and diagonals to the attack against White king. Although he escaped mate, White didn’t prevent decisive material damage. Young Bobby Fischer has mastered the technical part of the game and won the game!

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