Crokinole | Wikipedia audio article

Crokinole | Wikipedia audio article


Crokinole ( KROH-ki-nohl) is a dexterity board
game similar in various ways to pitchnut, carrom, marbles, and shove ha’penny, knipsbrat,
with elements of shuffleboard and curling reduced to table-top size. Players take turns shooting discs across the
circular playing surface, trying to have their discs land in the higher-scoring regions of
the board, while also attempting to knock away opposing discs.==Equipment==Board dimensions vary with a playing surface
typically of polished wood or laminate approximately 26 inches (660 mm) in diameter. The arrangement is 3 concentric rings worth
5, 10, and 15 points as you move in from the outside. There is a shallow 20-point hole at the center. The inner 15-point ring is guarded with 8
small bumpers or posts. The outer ring of the board is divided into
four quadrants. The outer edge of the board is raised slightly
to keep errant shots from flying out, with a gutter between the playing surface and the
edge to collect discarded pieces. Crokinole boards are typically octagonal or
round in shape. The discs are roughly checker-sized, slightly
smaller in diameter than the board’s central hole, and may have concave faces to reduce
sliding friction. Alternatively, the game may be played with
ring-shaped pieces with a central hole.===Powder===
The use of any lubricating powder in crokinole is controversial, with some purists reviling
the practice. Powder is used to ensure pieces slide smoothly
on the surface. According to Carrom rules, the powder must
be of high quality to keep the surface smooth and dry, and shall not be wet. Pouches and containers are used to spread
the powder over the playing surface. There must be no impurity in the powder. Boric acid powder is mostly used for this
purpose. In the UK, many players use a version of anti-set-off
spray powder, from the printing industry, which has specific electrostatic properties,
with particles of 50-micrometre diameter (3.9×10−5 in). The powder is made of pure food-grade plant/vegetable
starch.==Gameplay==
Crokinole is most commonly played by two players, or by four players in teams of two, with partners
sitting across the board from each other. Players take turns flicking their discs from
the outer edge of their quadrant of the board onto the playfield. Shooting is usually done by flicking the disc
with a finger, though sometimes small cue sticks may be used. If there are any enemy discs on the board,
a player must make contact, directly or indirectly, with an enemy disc during the shot. If unsuccessful, the shot disc is “fouled”
and removed from the board, along with any of the player’s other discs that were moved
during the shot. When there are no enemy discs on the board,
many (but not all) rules also state that a player must shoot for the centre of the board,
and a shot disc must finish either completely inside the 15-point guarded ring line, or
(depending on the specifics of the rules) be inside or touching this line. This is often called the “no hiding” rule,
since it prevents players from placing their first shots where their opponent must traverse
completely though the guarded centre ring to hit them and avoid fouling. When playing without this rule, a player may
generally make any shot desired, and as long as a disc remains completely inside the outer
line of the playfield, it remains on the board. During any shot, any disc that falls completely
into the recessed central “20” hole (a.k.a. the “Toad” or “Dukie”) is removed from play,
and counts as twenty points for the owner of the disc at the end of the round, assuming
the shot is valid.Scoring occurs after all pieces (generally 12 per player or team) have
been played, and is differential: i.e., the player or team with higher score is awarded
the difference between the higher and lower scores for the round, thus only one team or
player each round gains points. Play continues until a predetermined winning
score is reached.==History of the game==
The earliest known crokinole board was made by craftsman Eckhardt Wettlaufer in 1876 in
Perth County, Ontario, Canada. It is said Wettlaufer crafted the board as
a fifth birthday present for his son Adam, which is now part of the collection at the
Joseph Schneider Haus, a national historic site in Kitchener, Ontario, with a focus on
Germanic folk art. Several other home-made boards dating from
southwestern Ontario in the 1870s have been discovered since the 1990s. A board game similar to crokinole was patented
on 20 April 1880 by Joshua K. Ingalls (US Patent No. 226,615)Crokinole is often believed
to be of Mennonite or Amish origins, but there is no factual data to support such a claim. The reason for this misconception may be due
to its popularity in Mennonite and Amish groups. The game was viewed as a rather innocuous
pastime – unlike the perception that diversions such as card playing or dancing were considered
“works of the Devil” as held by many 19th-century Protestant groups. The oldest roots of crokinole, from the 1860s,
suggest the British and South Asian games are the most likely antecedents of what became
crokinole.In 2006, a documentary film called Crokinole was released. The world premiere occurred at the Princess
Cinema in Waterloo, Ontario, in early 2006. The movie follows some of the competitors
of the 2004 World Crokinole Championship as they prepare for the event.==Origins of the name==
The name “crokinole” derives from croquignole, a French word today designating: in France, a kind of cookie (or biscuit in
British English), similar to a biscotto; in French Canada, a pastry somewhat similar
to a doughnut (except for the shape).It also used to designate the action of flicking with
the finger (Molière, Le malade imaginaire; or Voltaire, Lettre à Frédéric II Roi de
Prusse; etc.), and this seems the most likely origin of the name of the game. Croquignole was also a synonym of pichenotte,
a word that gave its name to the different but related games of pichenotte and pitchnut. Crokinole is called knipsbrat (‘flick-board’)
in the Low German spoken by Mennonites.==World Crokinole Championship==
The World Crokinole Championship (WCC) tournament has been held annually since 1999 on the first
Saturday of June in Tavistock, Ontario. Tavistock was chosen as the host city because
it was the home of Eckhardt Wettlaufer, the maker of the earliest known board. The tournament has seen registration from
every Canadian province, several American states, Germany, Australia, Spain and the
UK.The reigning world adult singles crokinole champion is Justin Slater from London, Ontario. The reigning world adult doubles champions
are Jason Beierling of Kitchener, Ontario, and Ray Beierling of Dorchester, Ontario.The
WCC singles competition begins with a qualifying round in which competitors play 10 matches
against randomly assigned opponents. The qualifying round is played in a large
randomly determined competition. At the end of the opening round, the top 16
competitors move on to the playoffs. The top four in the playoffs advance to a
final round robin to play each other, and the top two compete in the finals. The WCC doubles competition begins with a
qualifying round of 8 matches against randomly assigned opponents with the top six teams
advancing to a playoff round robin to determine the champions.The WCC has multiple divisions,
including a singles finger-shooting category for competitive players (adult singles), novices
(recreational), and younger players (intermediate, 11–14 yrs; junior, 6–10 yrs), as well
as a division for cue-shooters (cues singles). The WCC also awards a prize for the top 20-hole
shooter in the qualifying round of competitive singles, recreational singles, cues singles,
intermediate singles, and in the junior singles. The tournament also holds doubles divisions
for competitive fingers-shooting (competitive doubles), novices (recreational doubles),
younger players (youth doubles, 6–16yrs), and cues-shooting (cues doubles).==National Crokinole Association==
The National Crokinole Association (NCA) is a federation that supports existing, and the
development of new, crokinole clubs and tournaments. While the majority of NCA events are based
in Ontario, Canada, the NCA has held sanctioned events in the Canadian provinces of PEI and
BC, as well as in New York State.The collection of NCA tournaments is referred to as the NCA
Tour. Each NCA Tour season begins at the Tavistock
World Crokinole Championships in June, and concludes at the Ontario Singles Crokinole
Championship in May of the following years. The results of each tournament award points
for each player, as they compete for their season-ending ranking classification. The NCA Tour includes both doubles and singles
events.The 2017-2018 NCA Tour Champion was Justin Slater, followed by Nathan Walsh in
2nd and Jon Conrad in 3rd.==See also

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