Chess Openings – Dutch

Chess Openings – Dutch


Hello again, and welcome to chessopenings.com.
Today’s video is all about the Dutch Defense, which begins with the moves,
pawn to d4 and pawn to f5. With this aggressive move, Black aims to stop
White from playing the move, e2 to e4, and he also hopes that later this
F pawn will turn out to be a thorn in White’s side. On the other hand,
Black is taking a big strategic risk in the Dutch Defense. Let’s take a look. The Dutch Defense is a counter-aggressive
reply to the Queen’s pawn opening. With pawn to d4, White threatens
to create an attractive pawn duo, with the move, pawn to e4. Now, typically
to restrain White from playing the second pawn to e4, Black plays either
d5 or the move, knight to f6, both bringing the e4 square under control.
But to reach the Dutch Defense, Black plays the more radical move, pawn to
f5, and with this move, Black is saying, “Not only am I going to grip the e4
square, but I’m going to do so in a way that helps me to gain space, and
maybe even some attacking chances on the king’s side later in the game.” Now,
White’s most popular option in this position is the move, g2 to g3, preparing
to situate the light squared bishop on the long diagonal where it will
be best suited. Now, a couple of natural developing moves
follow, knight f6 and Bishop to g2, and it’s at this point that Black needs
to choose from a variety of different setups. He has about three major
setups here. If you place e6, there are still two main ideas connected with
this move. After the move, pawn to c4, Black can head to the very popular
Stonewall Variation, which begins with the move, c6, and then after knight
f3, again a radical move by Black here, pawn to d5, setting up a wall
in the center, which gives this opening the name, The Stonewall. On the one
hand, Black has a very firm grip over the e4 square, making it very difficult
for White to even imagine this kind of advance to e4. However, at the
same time, Black has weakened his dark squares, and he’s also given himself
a bad bishop on c8, and it’s based on these details that White can still
fight for an advantage. On the other hand, there’s also another idea
connected with pawn to e6, which is also quite interesting, which is
just the simple move, Bishop to e7, preferring classical development. And
now after Knight f3, castles king side, and pawn to d6, Black has a very restrained
setup, which offers him some decent chances. For example, he may play
for the move, pawn to e5, at some point here, or he may swing the queen
to h5, or both, trying to generate some attacking chances in the position,
thanks to this advanced pawn on f5. On the other hand, White does
have a basic advantage in the center, with his two pawns. His bishop on
g2 is aggressively placed, and once again the opinion is that White should
have a slightly better position, but that these lead to very interesting
positions for both sides. The positions after e6 are highly interesting
to explore, but today I want to look at a popular formation known as the
Leningrad Dutch, beginning with the move, pawn to g6, preparing to fianchetto
the dark squared bishop. Now, quite often play continues with kind of a
long stream of basic developing moves, knight to f3, bishop g7, castles king
side, castles king side, c4, and then pawn to d6 when a highly interesting
position arises. Now, Black’s big dream in this position is to prepare the
advance of the pawn to e5, achieving an attacking duo of pawns in the
center. In fact, if Black would achieve this, he may even stand somewhat better.
However, White has a space advantage in the center, and a much easier
time developing his queen side pieces. For example, White generally plays knight
to c3 here, and this is an option, which the knight on b8 does not have
quite so easily. He has a more difficult time finding an attractive square
at the moment. On d7, it’s not quite as actively placed as the knight on
c3, and on c6 that knight is just going to get kicked by the move, d4 to d5,
and we’ll see this actually in just a moment here. Also, I want to point
out that White’s bishop on g2 puts subtle pressure down this diagonal, which
makes it a little bit tricky to find the right square for this c8 bishop.
In fact, it tends to stay on c8 for quite some time, maybe coming out to
some sort of unattractive position on d7 very soon. In order to start
working on his plan to activate the position, Black normally plays the move,
queen to e8, preparing pawn to e5, but before we take a look at that, I do
want to take a look at this move, knight c6, which we just mentioned.
This move also supports e5, but it looks a little bit crazy, since it runs
straight into the move, pawn to d5, with tempo, by White. However, Black has
an idea here. After the move, knight e5, and the trade of knights on e5,
Black knows that he’s accepting some weaknesses, with the weakened pawns on
e5 and e7, doubled pawns. However, his goal is to show that the pawn
center on e5 and f5, this duo in the center, offers him attacking chances. So, for example, if White plays the standard
reaction, which is very popular, if he plays pawn to e4, Black’s actual
idea is start a pawn storm with the move, pawn to f1. This appears to
be a pawn sacrifice, but, in fact, the pawn cannot be captured, since after
G takes f4, Black has two good continuations. He can play either immediately
knight h5, which leads to interesting complications, or he can also
play more straightforward with E takes f4, and in the event that Bishop takes
f4, there is always the move, knight takes e4, with discovery attack
against the bishop. So after the move f4, there is actually no opportunity
for White to just go ahead and capture this pawn. Black is now ready to set up his pawn storm.
Next move he’ll play pawn to g5, and he’ll be looking for ways to bring
this queen into the attack on the king’s side. It’s with these sorts of
positions in mind that Black actually plays the knight c6 line, and also
the Leningrad Dutch in general. However, there is a drawback to this setup.
If White knows the key plan, what he’ll do is he’ll play queen to b3, and
this sets up a long-winded plan, which I don’t want to show too many
reactions for Black here, but I do want to show what this plan is for White.
The plan is to play pawn to c5, bishop d2, knight a4, bishop a5, and now
we’re starting to show our hand. We’re starting to attack this pawn on
c7, and Black has to look out for moves like Pawn to d6. He also has to
look out for the rook moves to the center, and this is a big advantage for
White if he can achieve this position without too many problems. And it’s
based on these ideas that Black has ultimately started to avoid playing
knight to c6 in the position which we mentioned. Backing up to the position after knight c3,
instead of this move, knight c6, let’s now take a look at queen e8, and
this prepares the advance e5, without any of the risky adventures that we
just saw. Now, to help neutralize the advance of the E pawn, White
still simply plays the move, d4 to d5, and this sets up a situation where
Black’s advance, pawn to e5, could be met with the En Passant capture:
D takes e6. In this case, I think it’s White that benefits from the opening
of the game, since after, let’s say, bishop takes e6, the Knight quickly pivots
to this square on d4, and we are unleashing the potential of this light-squared
bishop, with a direct threat to b7. And so, it’s due to these factors
that, for the moment, Black cannot even consider playing the move, pawn
to e5, very seriously. Instead, Black’s main idea here is to make
use of the newly weakened dark square on c5 for his knight, and one way to
do this would be to simply rush in with my a6 to c5. Another method would
be to first solidify the square with the move, pawn to a5, and this has the
point that once the knight reaches c5, White will not find it easy to
play the move, b2 to b4, kicking the knight out. White has a couple of different
options here. For example, one plan would simply be knight d4, aiming
to bring e6 under even more control, and so making it that much more difficult
for Black to play e5. And now simply after knight a6, White might
simply play b3, preparing Bishop b2, and this is one idea, which seems
very reasonable for White. Another idea is to prepare an exchange of
dark square bishops, with bishop e3, queen d2, and then bishop h6. This is
also quite a natural idea for White in this position, and both options seem
to offer White a little bit of an advantage. Finally, let’s take a look at the Knight a6
move, without a5 to prepare it. Now, the main line continues, rook to b1,
which is preparing this move, b2 to b4, and if you look closely, you’ll notice
that it’s somewhat depressing to find an option to help Black activate his
position. White appears to just have an excellent game, and can play
moves like knight d4 and b4 at his leisure, and meanwhile that strong pawn
on d5 is making it difficult for Black to advance his E pawn. So it’s with
these considerations in mind that Black plays bishop to d7, and now after
the move b4, the idea is c6 eliminating that pawn on d5. So that after
D takes c6, which, in fact, White almost always plays, Black will capture
with B takes c6, and we’ve reached another key position of the Leningrad
Dutch. Black has successfully eliminated the d5 pawn, and so he’s coming
closer to organizing his counter- play in the center and later on, the king’s
side. However, White hopes to target the weakened queen’s side, especially
that pawn on c6, before Black has a chance to successfully hold the position
and get some counter chances going. It seems that these situations are
a little bit risky for Black, but they’re also probably quite playable. That’s all for today. I hope you’ve enjoyed
this brief tour of the Dutch Defense with particular focus on the Leningrad
Dutch. Ultimately, these lines have an aggressive, but somewhat risky
reputation for Black. There are plenty of ideas in this video for both
sides. That’s it for today, and I’ll see you soon.

83 thoughts on “Chess Openings – Dutch

  1. Hey mister Dereque…My chess coach tells me that in higher levels(Anand,Carlsen,Aronian etc.) Don't use this opening because the would easily be crushed but he told me its okay to play it at my own level(I am a 2045 rated player) so my question is….Is it okay to make this opening my MAIN?

  2. It's an interesting question. I would say "no", at least to the Leningrad. The more solid lines beginning with 2…e6 are perhaps a little underestimated. But why do you want to play it? -Dereque

  3. Hmm, I appreciate the request! I already know what the next video will be (and it's not the Scotch) but I have seen a few requests for this. Are you more interested from White's point of view? -Dereque

  4. I just think it provides a good attack for black and because i enjoy tactics and attacking a lot plus if white doesn't respond accurately he/she could be in trouble.I also noticed that the Leningrad system is a bit too risky but i still learned from your videos like i always do.Keep up the good work.

  5. Well if you enjoy it, play it! For energetic play with less overall risk I think the King's Indian or Grunfeld are better options. I think it's easier to build an advantage over other experts if you play one of these openings. It's just too easy for White to learn a line or two in the Dutch and always get a decent game, whereas against the King's Indian or Grunfeld, White has a harder time.

  6. (2/2) Plus you can always deepen your knowledge over time whereas if you try to develop a superior understanding of the Dutch it will still count for little. The guy might just play 2.Bg5 and there are still some questions to be answered ๐Ÿ™‚

  7. Well no,I just want to know how to defend that at black's point of view because the Scotch game is always played sometimes in King's pawn opening/e4. XD

  8. Dereque, once again you put out a great video with your explanation of the dutch. In my games I also like the risky radical play. I was thinking it would be neat to see your take on the Albin counter gambit.

  9. Hmm, the Albin could be a fun project, I'll have to see what I can do ๐Ÿ™‚ Thank you for the kind words, I appreciate it! -Dereque

  10. You can hear the passion you have for chess in your voice. To see that there are those who are still excited and enthusiastic about chess warms my heart. More people really should learn how to play. It is such a fun game, win or lose.

  11. Thank you!! Those are exciting words to hear, I'm glad you're enjoying the videos and find them inspiring! -Dereque

  12. Would you consider doing the Bird Opening and explaining at what point you feel white's initiative is made evident versus the Dutch Defense?

  13. i wish to know what black should play for Nb5 for black's Qe8. It would be grateful if to tell me what to do as i stopped playing this line for this move.

  14. I'm not sure of what specific position you're speaking, but it is definitely an issue Black needs to be aware of. It would really depend on the position!

  15. I had a look at some of the positions in Houdini 3.0, and it seems that after white played d5 at around 7:42, the engine suggests Nh5! with the idea of cramming in f4 at some point. Just wanted to know what your thoughts of this position are if you have time. ๐Ÿ™‚

  16. i am speaking about the position that arises after 1.d4 f5 2.c4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.g3 o-o 6.Bg2 d6 7.o-o Nbd7 8.d5 Qe8 and now Nc5.This is the position.

  17. Well you could always play …Qd8 ๐Ÿ™‚ (and …a6 when you have the chance). But 7…Nbd7?! is probably pretty risky because of 8.Ng5! since 8…Nb8 is forced. (8…Nb6? 9.Qb3 or 9.c5 is very strong for White). Instead 7…Qe8, 7…Nc6, or 7…c6 are more common. 7…c6 would eliminate your concern. And after 7…Qe8 8.Nb5 with the knight still on b8 it is possible to play 8…Na6! followed by …c6. Hope this helps!

  18. Ahh, this is interesting but my first impression is that …Nh5 & …f4 doesn't look so threatening. Perhaps one could play 9.Nd4 f4 10.e3!? or something like that ๐Ÿ™‚ I'd much prefer White here! -Dereque

  19. I think he meant White's extra tempo compared to Black's side of the Dutch. I think the clearest difference is that the opponent cannot fianchetto his KS Bishop vs. the Bird without conceding control of the center.

  20. At 8:07, why do you say that Black "cannot seriously" allow himself to get into the shown position? E.g., Black might block his b7 pawn with c6 and develop his Knight to d7; the position seems passive, but what makes it unplayable?

  21. Dude, why don't you use a screen capture program and plug a microphone into it when you have only the demo board, so you don't sound like you are narrating from the other room.

  22. I do like your presentation style. Very good conceptual overview of the openings, either as an intorduction to the opening or as 'revision'.
    My only comment would be to look at GM SImon Williams work on the Classical Dutch (Killer Dutch he calls it). I have started using this and propose that black does not have "a restrained set up, with some decent chances", I would say black has some opprtunities to open up the board and rip his oponent apart ;). I'd be interested in your perspective on this.

  23. The problem with the Dutch defense, is that with Nf6 and Bb4 (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4)or by fianchetooing the light square bishop on b7 you also stop them from playing e4 without that horrible f5.

  24. which chess board do you have there? im looking for a high quality one and that one looks quite appealing ๐Ÿ˜€

  25. I love this series of videos focusing on the ideas of the opening rather than just moves. very nice and clear presentation!

  26. I'm going to play this opening every time now. I love pawn storming my opponents king side. Also Dereque is the man!

  27. The Leningrad Dutch looks like a very interesting strategic opening. I should try to play this against the computer and see how I'd feel in the positions. Thank you for yet another great video!! You really do have a great mind for this and are a great teacher as well!!

  28. I don't know why on Earth this magnificent channel has not gotten up to 200k subscribers, one of the best chess channels ever

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