Chess in 5 Minutes – Learn about chess

Chess in 5 Minutes – Learn about chess

welcome to All in 5 Minutes and today I will tell you all you need to know about chess. Chess is a strategy game for 2 players and
it is played on a chessboard consisting of 64 squares of alternating colors. Each player begins with 16 pieces: one king,
one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns. The objective of a game of chess is to checkmate
the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. The history of chess goes back almost 1500
years. Chess originated in India in the 7th century
from the Indian game chaturanga which is a Sanskrit word for the military. It later spread to Persia, the Muslim world,
and Southern Europe. The rules were finally standardized in the
19th century, which is when the modern tournament play began. The first world chess championship was held
in 1886. The first computer-played chess games appeared
in the 1970s, and in 1996 and 1997 Deep Blue became the first computer program to win against
the world champion Garry Kasparov under regular time controls. Nowadays, the technology has gone even further. In 2017 the AlphaZero program developed by
Google and DeepMind took four hours of playing against itself to create chess knowledge beyond
any human or another computer program. It beat the World Computer Champion Stockfish
28 wins to 0 in a 100-game match. Chess is played on a square chessboard. The 8 rows are called ranks and are denoted
with numbers from 1 to 8. The 8 columns are called files and are denoted
with letters from ‘a’ to ‘h’. The colors of the squares alternate and are
called light and dark squares. The chessboard is placed with the dark square
to the left of each player. The chess pieces are arranged the same way
each game. The second rank is filled with pawns. The rooks go in the corners, then the knights
next to them, followed by the bishops, and finally the queen, who always goes on her
own matching color, and the king. Pieces cannot move through others, and can
never move onto a square with one of their own pieces. However, they can be moved to take the place
of an opponent’s piece which is then captured. Here are the legal moves of each piece:
The king moves one square in any direction. The king cannot move to any square where it
is threatened by an opposing piece. The queen can move any distance in any direction
on the ranks, files, and diagonals. The rook can move any distance along a rank
or file. The bishop can move any number of squares
diagonally. The knight can move two squares in one direction,
and then one more move at a 90-degree angle. Knights are also the only pieces that can
move over other pieces. The pawn can move only forward. In the first move a pawn makes, it can move
forward 2 squares. Afterwards, it can only move one square at
a time. The pawn may only capture an opponent’s
piece that is on a square diagonally in front of it on an adjacent file. If a pawn reaches the last row, it can transform
in any other piece, except for a king. If a pawn moves two squares forward from its
starting position, an opposing pawn may capture the first pawn as if it had only moved one
square. When castling, the king moves closer to the
right or left side of the board, and the rook will move closer to the center of the board,
past and next to the king. You can only do castling if the king and the rook have not previously moved, the king is not in check and it does not pass through
a square that is attacked by an enemy piece. The purpose of the game is to checkmate the opponent’s king. This happens when the king is put in check
and cannot get out of it. If a king cannot escape checkmate then the
game is over. There are multiple ways a game can end in
a draw: The game reaches a stalemate (when the player
has no legal move and he is not in check) The same exact position is repeated three
times Fifty consecutive moves have been played where
neither player has moved a pawn or captured a piece
There are not enough pieces on the board to force a checkmate
The players agree to a draw The longest game of chess that is theoretically
possible is 5949 moves. The word “checkmate” comes from the Persian
phrase “shah mat” which translates to “The king is dead” in English. The second book ever printed in the English
language was a chess book. A 2012 survey found that “chess players make up one of the largest communities in the world: 605 million adults play
chess regularly”. If you would like to learn more about chess, you can check out the playlist on your screen right now, or you can follow the links in the description below. If you would like to learn about something else in 5 minutes, you can follow this video YouTube suggests specifically for you. Don’t forget to leave a like and subscribe to be notified of the next video. Thanks for watching and see you next time!

10 thoughts on “Chess in 5 Minutes – Learn about chess

  1. I saw your post on reddit. It's a well done video. The only improvement you can possibly make is add a little bit of B-Roll so you don't have such a static background. Keep on uploading!

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