Chess Endgame Study: 3 vs 3 Pawn Breakthrough

Chess Endgame Study: 3 vs 3 Pawn Breakthrough


Hello everybody, it’s Jrobi. I wanted to
share a pawn breakthrough technique that I’ve learned recently and I’m going to be exploring
some pawn breakthrough techniques in the future. But this one focuses on three pawns verse
three pawns and in this position it’s black to move and black has found a way to basically
equalize the material. But even so, white has a pawn breakthrough technique that’s
going to guarantee a win. So what black is hoping on doing here by capturing and putting
the white king into check is equalizing the material and if white’s not familiar with
this breakthrough technique white might move the king to F3 and then that’ll just let
black march its king up to support its pawns. Or alternatively what I’ve seen a lot in
my personal online play in positions where you have three pawns on three pawns sometimes
you’ll see something like this take place where it’s just basically a lot of capturing
and then basically the outcome of the game relies heavily on the play of the kings from
each player. And in this position really it’s going to be draw or stalemate if it’s played
correctly. So that’s what black is hoping to do. Now white however has a pawn breakthrough
technique that it can use. So let’s go back to the beginning. So let’s clear this material
off the board. And the pawn breakthrough technique here from white is to push up the center pawn,
so it pushes the G pawn up to G6. Now black has to capture because if black doesn’t
capture white has two options here to promote. It can capture on the H or the F and it’s
going to be able to promote the move following. So black has to take in this position. Now
the key to the technique here for white is that it needs to look at what side black captures
from. So in this position here black captured from H to G6. Now the technique is simply
for white to push the pawn up opposite of the capture. So in this example it would be
pushing the pawn up to F6 and you’ll see here that it doesn’t matter what black does,
white is going to get a passed pawn. So, for example, if black captures here on F6, white
simply moves the H pawn up and it’s going to be able to promote in a couple moves. Alternatively
if black captures here, white simply just takes on G7 and it’s going to promote the
next move. So that’s the breakthrough technique and it will work pretty much at any time and
basically it’s going to allow white to get the Queen and from this position here it’s
just simply lost for black as white can clear off all the pawns and come in and deliver
checkmate. Now it is important to note, however, that in this position this breakthrough technique
only works when the enemy pawns are on the sixth or seventh rank, or alternatively, if
you’re playing against white, white’s pawns would have to be on the second or third
rank to make this strategy work. So let’s take an example of why that’s the case.
So in this position it’s white to move still. Now white’s breakthrough technique to get
a passed pawn still works, however, you’ll notice here that there’s no way that white’s
going to be able to promote before black. The pawns are too far away and black’s just
going to be able to come in and basically deliver a similar checkmate by getting that
king into the corner and then from here it’s game over. So it’s an interesting technique
and I’m glad I came across it and there are some other ones that I’m going to be
looking at and that deals with different amounts of pawns per side. And I know that some of
probably my experienced subscribers already know of this technique but for those that
don’t, I’m sure you’ll find it quite useful. And once you learn it it’s very
simple. So in summary, you just capture on — after the capture takes place, you push
up the pawn on the opposite side of the capture and you’re going to be guaranteed promotion.
And from there it’s going to be game over. So take care, hope you enjoyed the video and
we’ll see you next time.

73 thoughts on “Chess Endgame Study: 3 vs 3 Pawn Breakthrough

  1. Thanks for presenting the puzzle Kennedyrojas! My first impression was KH2 without computer assistance. I checked it after the fact and white can win from that position. The computer prefers an immediate KF2 which cleans out the enemy pawns even faster. Thanks for sharing!

  2. As a matter of fact this position is losing for white! the problem is white can't force the position you're talking about. this exercise is usually shown like this : black king b7, white pawns on a5, b5, c5; white king g1, black pawns f3, h3 : black to play and win (or more usually color are reversed so that's white to play and win) very instructive actually, and a bit harder than the exercise on this video.

  3. These videos are very good… While I have read chess books in the past I have to say that teaching endgame positions through videos is much more stimulating than through a book.

    Excellent vid!

  4. Hexapawn is a game on a 3×3 board with 3 pawns on each side(in a row of coarse). The goal is to get a pawn across or leave your opponent with no moves. Capturing all your opponent's pawns would also be a win, if it were possible. The second player to move always wins(with mutual perfect play).

  5. My ranking goes along with the videos – kind of like a time line I guess. Thanks for checking out the vid!

  6. With that pawn formation anywhere on board, one side will have the pawn breakthrough if it's their move, and the other side can avoid it if it's their move.

  7. Great video, it is a really great technique!! my chess teacher spent time to teach me. but, u have to be careful 3:15 black's g4 can use an en pessant and capture to f3!! tricky stuff

  8. what if it is black pawn move?…..can u explain how breakthrough with black pawn.

    it is intresting video……thanx

  9. @cookieeeeeez

    No, The en passant move is only a legal move when the opposite color pawn moves 2 squares at once. So when the H-pawn moves from h2 to h4 and the black pawn would be on g4 only then is en passant legal.

    I recommend just looking at the en passant rules on wikipedia that will explain it more clearly.

  10. @subhashkk7

    Its the exact same sequence of moves. First black moves the center pawn up once. White has to capture and then black pushes the other pawn up just like white does in this video.

    Grab your chess set and try it out 🙂

  11. That was a GREAT explanation of that technique! I remember that from before and your explanation really cleared it up for me! THANKS

  12. This is exactly what I looking for and I found it! The way to solve this dilemma is very counterintuitive and I suspect many players lose games by not forcing a passed pawn here.

  13. A useful technique. I remember it as follows.
    Push the middle pawn then make a square, of four pawns, on your next move.
    It is easy to remember and is equivalent to the explanation in the video.

  14. Alternatively, if you have to stop enemy pawns from advancing in such a position, let's say 3:10, the solution is to push a pawn on the side, which must be captured in order for black to get any progress, after which white van recapture with the centre pawn and we have two seperate pawn blocks.

  15. So happy to google 3pawn vs 3pawn and find this immediately. I knew of the technique when I use to play and it came up tonight in a club game. The guy I played had never seen it before, so I was trying to explain it to him. I didn't remember it quite right, because our position was black pawns on the 5th rank, and his pawns got past mine, so looking at this explains why he would have gotten ahead. I have my king behind my pawns blocking it from advancing.

  16. Stalemate occurs when the king is not in check and one side is on their move and has no legal move available. At 2:47, the black king is checked, therefore it's a checkmate. He in fact has no legal move, but he IS in check, therefore it's a checkmate…

  17. 1. Ke2-d2 Kb2-a2 2. Kd2-c2 Ka2-a1 3. Ha3#. This is possible o.O Get that position into a chess program like Fritz and trry it… Completely possible and legit.

  18. This is a very good video. I had known the technique but when it came up in a game I couldn't remember it. Now that you explained it I remember it and hopefully won't forget it!

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