Chess endgame | Rule of Opposition | King + Pawn Chess Ending | Explained through my own game


Hello friends! This is Anuj from Shatranj time.
Today I am going to describe a game to you A game that I was a part of and it was a
really nice game and what’s so interesting about the game was that
there is one very important chess principle called as opposition that I
utilized in this game in order to win so I’ll just quickly explain this game to
you. Nothing out of the ordinary in the beginning. It was normally E4 opening
and this is my usual response to the e4 so followed by this move whenever they
take Knight out, and I usually follow it up by pinning the Knight against the queen or sometimes against the King
the Queen or sometimes against the King as well so that was his response in
order to break the pin and the second response was taking out the dark square
bishop. I usually like to Castle early in the game in order to secure my king so
this is one of the move I play for that taking out, just clearing the space for
the king and rook to castle, so he responded with this he didn’t want he didn’t like my
bishop sitting there so I came back and I placed it on a central square from
where it can control two of the smaller but very important diagonals in the game
and he followed it up with a pawn advance and usually what happens in such
and as you will see that usually what happens in such games is that the pawns
between both the Queens are exchanged followed by a queen exchange so in this
case I was preparing for that it was not only about the next move that he was
going to play so I advanced my… I placed my knight on c6 and I was
anticipating this that he would he would probably take the pawn.Hedid that in
the next move. I also retook with my knight and
finally he also captured the knight in in this case there is only one option
that yeah we have to take the night although
I didn’t want to exchange the Queen that is never a good idea according to me but
he is still somehow the game played out in such a way that there was no option
at this point of time so he did exchange the Queen as well I also retook with
the with the rook so at this point like he tried to bring out the night he was
trying to gain more space in the center so I stopped advancement of the
night by playing this pawn forward he castled
I also took the other night out and also made space for me to castle so he
followed it up by trying to pin the you can’t really call that pinning but he
was probably just trying to you know pose a threat by saying that if I moved
my dark square Bishop anywhere then he will be able to capture the night and
obviously the idea of recapturing his Bishop with my pawn is not going to be
great because it would open my king to all sorts of dangers so that is
something that I need to guard against so it is sort of a half pin you know
it’s a proactive move kind of a thing we can see so i castled n he took the
knight back this is probably he was trying to reposition the night because
he knew that i have already advanced the pawn earlier in the game so there was no
way that he could be utilized that ways so he was trying to reposition the nght
in this game and i by the way i played this move in order to guard against
guard my bishop I wanted to unbreak I wanted to capture
this this pawn why my bishop by my knight so I wanted to be free here and
if I just captured the pawn without any protection he would have captured my
bishop by my dark square bishop so that was the main idea behind protecting the
bishop he took it back now he is looking to capture my this pawn my solitaire
point I protect that i guard against that by
advancing the pawn next to it now here comes it’s like a leap now he’s
trying to probably trying to unshackle the rope that’s placed adjacent to his
being so I do get to capture the pawn that that I wanted to l dfp
and he also responds by capturing one of my pawn and now as you can see the Rope
is free so I challenge both the rook and the knight it does a fork as you can see
between the fall and the bishop so he saves it both the rope and the bishop at
this point of time now I try to create a discovery I put more pressure on this
line and he has to do he needs to do something against that so he breaks that
by playing this Bishop dark square bishop in between I also replaced my
utter hook in the game behind this so there is now double pressure on this
single bishop also the it’s being attacked by the rope as well as the
knight here so he tries to save it by I don’t know what was the idea behind this
I really don’t know maybe two for time pressure and at this point of time
already the danger of getting his light square bishop was there so I did capture
it and he also be captured I captured the rope and it was also also through a
check so he saved the King that touches the only thing he did and after that I
challenged the King even on the second line to get back after which I captured
the poem that was on e5 so he tried to bring his bishop back into the game I
also take one of the other pawns which was undefended on b2 and he tried to
take out the rope that was still inside and he tried to
take it out there with a move with a momentum move against
my night so I again place the night where it was I also played a force move
by dealing a check to him and it was followed he tried to take advantage of
by putting he also wanted it to be a forced move but I did not allow that to
happen because I played my dark square Bishop in protection of the night so now
he wants to take out my dark square bishop and also if he is if he is able
to do that then he will also be able to attack the night which is being
protected by the Dark Magician so what I do is I just simply take out
the night from this position and he also he captures with the pawn and now I put
more pressure and more protection behind my knight square Bishop so he responds
he is trying to position his King to some other place you have to keep in
mind that its rapid games over here both running against the clock so there is
not much time to strategically think you have to within the confines of the time
time control you have to think and build your strategy so I take back the night
from that position I realized that it was not being utilized once the king was
repo Lucian so he responds by advancing one of the
bombs I go towards capturing one of his last pawns on on the corner friend so
this was a pretty good move pretty darn good move in the game because
considering the quantity of time that he had left it was a it was an excellent
move if you see I simply cannot capture the capture the bishop pie-o-my dark
square bishop because that would it is pinned against my roof so I cannot move
the bishop and the knight is being threatened and if I do manage to you
know capture the capture this pawn or save my save my knight still he is going
to capture this bishop so it was a pretty damn good move at this position
in the game so my response was by protecting the bishop that’s what I
wanted to do at this point so he did captures my my last night in the game
after which I tried to advance the key from that position he also again
captured my rather traded the bishop after which I also did the same and
obviously he didn’t want to exchange the last rope considering that I have a
clear pawn advantage over him half completely he has only four pawns
compared to six of mine so I have two upon Advan tage he doesn’t want to
exchange because I would make the game much difficult for him that’s what
happens in end games anybody who has material advantage would just see
through although you have to you need to play the end game proper you really
can’t play anything in expect to win so I also started advancing my pawn at his
position and he was also responding considering again like the time clock we
were just playing back-to-back moves at this point of time so some pawn at once
as you can see here at this point I checked him I wanted to go to the other
side and capture some more material so he did save looking but then I was
threatening to take this pawn out he did respond by threatening to take one of my
pawns here which I thought was acceptable so I went ahead and accepted
the point he also captured the ball and then I saved one of my pawn which was
next in the line to be threatened so heated check me
I saved the king and now he’s saying that if I go to the other line to
capture the pawn then he will definitely capture this one of mine which is again
acceptable to me so I did capture this pawn and now he bows and in captures
this one I also captured one of the pawn which is on the same line and he also
does the same so as you can see it is progressing towards interesting NDF
considering the kind of time that we had left in the game so I advanced the last
of my pawns the most start on the starting position
and he also does the same I continued to advance and he captures I don’t know
what kind of end game was he looking for but he thought that it would be correct
to do so I also captured it with my room it was a Czech move he did same pitching
after which I had once my aching towards towards where the action was taking
place and he did come behind he probably wanted to check me from the last rank
that is over here so I did not care about that I obviously had to move which
I could play in order to save myself so he did check me as I could predict and
after this he played one unexpected move that I have to lie sacred he went on to
capture the room and after this I clearly knew that it was a one-to-one
endgame and I did capture it back with my pawn and he also captured it so at
this point of time principle of opposition plays a very very important
role as you can see it is a King and pawn versus the King game versus the
King endgame so now I want you to pay attention this is a very important
principle in chess it’s called opposition I’ll just quickly explain you
what it is so I just wanted to closely follow the next few moves and I’ll tell
you when the opposition principles comes into the game so this was my normal
response as you can see here this is this was one of the moves that I could
think of in order to get the opposition on this player so I did play it here
then he responded by going back he obviously wants to obstruct the path of
my pawn because it’s going to get promoted to him so I also advanced with
my game and he responded naturally by blocking the path that is directly in
front of the pawn I had to go back he came down i sidestepped he went up I
also came chasing him after this he came to this side
I also came on one of the flank he stepped back further and it is at this
point my friends that I took opposition so I will quickly explain you what that
means that I came right in front of the game so the in principle of opposition
you have to remember three things it looks it looks very very difficult if
you hear about it like without trying to understand it but this is what happens
that any wrong move from here will either lead to a draw and that draw can
also be in the form of a stalemate if you are not careful so probably this
will be a good idea I will just show you how it lays out I’ll just show you
quickly how it plays out and then we will go back and reanalyze this position
further so as I have told you that at this point I have already taken the
opposition so he stepped back I went to the opposite plant as you know chess is
a work in this is what you do win in at the time of war that you outflank your
opposition so here I have taken opposition and I am out flanking him so
just follow the moves I will explain you what is happening in the game now so I
checked in you tried to recede with the king he
went further up at this point of time I also followed as per the opposition and
you can see now that all the three squares which are lying in front of my
pawn have been cleared now and I will quickly be able to promote to Queen and
win so that is what happened so we will go back to the opposition opposition
when right when it was created so as I told you this exact move was where the
opposition was created so in opposition you have to first I’ll tell you the
theory part that three things that you need to remember the first thing that
both the Kings should be on the same color square means if you are King is on
the dark dark Square the opponent King should also be
square and vice versa rule number two that there should be always an odd
number of squares in between both the Kings so either one three five okay one
three five said that that is the kind of line that is the number of odd number
squares that should be between both the Kings this is rule number two and rule
number three which is them which is which I find personally one of the most
important things to know for evaluating a position for opposition is that it
should be rule number three it should be the opponent’s turn to move it should
not be your turn to move the piece so after I have just played this here now
it is my opponent’s turn to move and as you can see both the Kings are in the
same same weather square there is an odd number of peas distance between us so
there’s odd number means one one number of square that is between both thirteen
and I have just taken two opposition so in this case I would like you to think
about it in such a way I can move my king
with my king I am controlling these three squares right in front of me
by controlling these three squares I am forbidding his king to move into
any of these so now his King is left with only few choices these are the five
choices that are highlighted obviously the most common response for a king in
these circumstances is that he would sidestep and expect you to probably make
a mistake of some kind if he would have done this if he would have sidestepped
here then the next thing is that you have to outflank him
so once he sidesteps now his king is also controlling this and this square
but the square that it is not controlling that is where we need to go
if you could guess this is where the king has to be now I have outflanked him
now I have control over all these Squyres so he cannot come to any tree
any of these three squares but he can come either back or he can go further up
the board so let us see if if the opponent played it to the center square
so what would your response be my friend again don’t forget that you need to take
the opposition don’t be in a hurry to move the pawn you need to create create
enough sufficient space with your king I had off the pawn in order to promote it
so again it is safe that you take opposition again you keep you note down
all the three rules and just see if that is being followed here so now if the
King had only couple of squares to move and if it moved here then definitely
again we need to take the opposition I would take the opposition in this way if
he goes up here then I would advance my pawn and now there is no way that he can
stop it he cannot come here we can you can just go to any of these squares but
my queen is getting promoted in subsequent moves and I’m winning the
game so that’s what the opposition principle is all about friends this is a
very important one in Queen versus queen and pawn end games and I hope you
enjoyed it also there’s a friend of mine in the chess community who is who has
posted great video about explaining about the principle of opposition so I’m
probably also going to post a link to that video you can refer to that for
understanding the principle even better and I hope that you are able to utilize
this principle in any of your end games do let me know if you do that do send me
a link I would really love to know that if that ever happens so that’s all
friends I hope that you had a good time goodbye

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